The utilization of phosphate in tomato plants at different growth stages
- 30 Downloads
Studies were carried out to see whether plants can utilize phosphate efficiently even if phosphate is given only during a short time — at a critical developmental period.
Tomato plants were grown in P-free nutrient solutions and were given 1.0 mM phosphate only for periods of ten days during different developmental stages. All the plants were harvested 45 days after sowing. The results show that plants placed in a phosphate solution for ten days between the fifteenth and twenty-fifth day of their life (treatment 4) gave the same yields as plants grown for all the 45 days in the phosphate solution. Plants that received phosphate before the critical period and after it had lower yields. The total phosphate content of the plants increased with the age of the plants receiving the phosphate, with the exception of treatment 4 which had a greater influence on phosphate content than the other treatments. The utilization quotient of treatment 4 was much higher than that of plants receiving P for the 45 days, indicating that phosphate absorbed was more efficiently utilized for the production of higher yields.
KeywordsPhosphate Plant Physiology Developmental Stage Growth Stage Nutrient Solution
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Avnimelech, Y. and Sherzer, S., Starter effect of a soluble phosphate in studies on development and evaluation of fertilizers. Technion Report 1969.Google Scholar
- 2.Asher, C. J. and Loneragem, T. F., Response of plants to phosphate concentration in solution culture. I. Rate of phosphate absorption and its relation to growth. Soil Sci.103, 311–318 (1967).Google Scholar
- 4.Steenbjerg, F. and Yackobsen, S. T., Plant nutrition and yield curves. Soil Sci.95, 69–88 (1963).Google Scholar
- 5.Tidmore, J. W., Phosphate studies in solution cultures. Soil Sci.30, 13–31 (1930).Google Scholar
- 6.Wallace, T., The diagnosis of mineral deficiencies in plants by visual symptoms. A colour Atlas and Guide (1961).Google Scholar
- 7.Wassinick, E. C., The Mechanism of Photosynthesis in Radiation Biology III. Ed. Hollaender, A. p. 318 (1956).Google Scholar
- 8.Wantabe, F. S. and Olsen, S. R., Test of an ascorbic acid method for determining phosphorus in water and NaHCO3 extracts from soil. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. Proc.29, 677–678 (1965).Google Scholar