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Bio-efficacy of certain chitin synthesis inhibitors on dipterous flies and mites inhabiting dung of farm animals

  • A. M. Zaki
  • E. T. E. Darwish
  • M. M. H. Abdella
Article
  • 26 Downloads

Abstract

Dipterous flies are considered among the most important pests for man and domestic animals health. The efficacy of four insect growth regulators on dipterous larvae and mites inhabiting dung of two farm anaimals (buffalo and sheep) are compared. Also, their effectiveness on the predacious mites are discussed.

Data indicated that the toxicity of the four tested IGRs, i. e., Dimilin, XRD, IKI and CME, to the dung survivors (dipterous larvae and mites) differed according to the source of dung and the occurrence of survivors themselves. In buffalo dung, Dimilin and XRD appeared to be the most toxic to the dipterous larvae and mites, respectively. While IKI gave the minimum toxicity to both survivors. On the other hand, with sheep dung an inverse trend was observed i. e., IKI and Dimilin were the most toxic to mites and dipterous larvae, respectively. Whilst, the least toxicity were obtained when CME and XRD were used on dipterous larvae and mites, respectively.

Keywords

Chitin Farm Animal Domestic Animal Animal Health Synthesis Inhibitor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Zusammenfassung

Die Wirkung der Chitinsynthesehemmstoffe Dimilin, XRD, IKI und CME auf die in Büffel- und Schafdung lebenden Fliegenlarven und Milben war von der Herkunft des Dungs und dem Vorkommen der Dungbewohner abhängig. Im Büffeldung zeigten sich Dimilin und XRD als am stärksten toxisch gegenüber Dipterenlarven und Milben, während IKI die geringste Toxizität aufwies. Andererseits wurde bei Schafdung ein umgekehrter Trend beobachtet: IKI und Dimilin waren hier am stärksten toxisch, während die geringste Toxizität von CME und XRD verursacht wurde.

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Copyright information

© Verlag Paul Parey 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. Zaki
    • 1
  • E. T. E. Darwish
    • 1
  • M. M. H. Abdella
    • 2
  1. 1.Plant Prot. Dept., Fac. of Agric.Menoufia Univ.Shebin El-KomEgypt
  2. 2.Plant Prot. Div., Fayoum Fac. of Agric.Cairo Univ.Egypt

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