Basic Research in Cardiology

, Volume 83, Issue 6, pp 577–589 | Cite as

Blood flow and blood volume determinations in aorta and in coronary circulation by density dilution

  • M. Moser
  • T. Kenner
Original Contributions


Continuous blood mass-density measurements were performed in anesthetized dogs and injections of 0.7–1.4 ml/kg isotonic saline solution were applied. The resulting density dilution curves were used to compute blood volume, total flow in the aorta and local flow in the coronary circulation. Blood volume calculations were compared with blood volume determined by Evans blue injections and a close agreement was found. Blood flow determined by density dilution was independent from the investigated sites of injection or sampling. We conclude from these results that small volume injections of isotonic saline solution can be used to determine blood volume and flow by density dilution.

In addition to these findings, a marked retention of the injected fluid was observed. Possible mechanisms to explain this retention include albumin deposition in the endothelial pores and/or variations of blood viscosity and capillary pressure.

Key words

blood flow blood volume density dilution isotonic saline blood mass density 


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Copyright information

© Dr. Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Moser
    • 1
  • T. Kenner
    • 1
  1. 1.Physiologisches Institut der Universität GrazGrazAustria

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