Journal of thermal analysis

, Volume 37, Issue 9, pp 2109–2124 | Cite as

Determination of adhesion in bitumen-mineral systems by heat-of-immersion calorimetry

I. The effect of crude oil source on adhesive performance
  • D. V. Nowell
  • M. W. Powell
Article

Abstract

Chemical factors influencing bitumen-mineral adhesion have been examined by heat-of-immersion calorimetry. Two chosen minerals (quartz and calcite) and bitumen derived from Venezuelan and Middle East crude oils were characterised and the energy released by the bitumen-mineral interaction measured. Heat-of-immersion data are correlated with the concentration of heteroatomic species present in the bitumen and the structure of the mineral surfaces. Bitumen-quartz bonding is promoted by the presence of basic species in the bitumen and bitumen-calcite adhesion is favoured by the presence of acidic groups. A mechanism is proposed to account for the observed bond energies.

Zusammenfassung

Mittels Eintauchkalorimetrie wurden chemische Faktoren bestimmt, die die AdhÄsion zwischen Bitumen und Mineralstoffen beeinflussen. Es werden zwei Mineralstoffe (Quarz und Kalzit) sowie Bitumen aus Rohölen aus Venezuela und dem Mittleren Osten beschrieben und die durch Wechselwirkung zwischen Bitumen und Mineralstoff freigesetzte Energie gemessen. ImmersionswÄrmedaten wurden mit der Konzentration von Heteroatomen im Bitumen sowie mit der OberflÄchenstruktur des Mineralstoffes korreliert. Die Bitumen-Quarz-Bindung wird durch Gegenwart von basischen Komponenten im Bitumen gefördert, die Bitumen-Kalzit-AdhÄsion wird durch die Gegenwart sauerer Gruppen gefördert. Es wird ein Mechanismus vorgeschlagen, um die beobachteten Energien erklÄren zu können.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    E. J. Barth, Asphalt Science and Technology, Gordon and Breach, New York 1962, p. 559.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    C. L. Monismith, Proceedings of the 47th Annual Meeting of the Highway Research Board (1968) 4.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    C. S. Gourley, D. C. Cawsey and D. G. Bonner, Paper Presented at the Conference on Durability and Performance of Bituminous Highway Materials, Hatfield Polytechnic 1989.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. P. Lottman, Report No. R-47, Prepared for Idaho Department of Highways by University of Idaho Engineering Experiment Station, 1971.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    F. Parker and M. S. Wilson, Transportation Research Record No. 1096, (1986) 90.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    D. H. Mathews, D. M. Colwill and R. Yuce, Laboratory Note No. LN/698/DHM.DMC.RY, Road Research Laboratory, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, 1964.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. Plancher, S. M. Dorrence and J. C. Petersen, Proceedings, Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, 46 (1977) 151.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    E. K. Ensley and H. A. Scholz, Journal of the Institute of Petroleum, 58 (1972) 95.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    E. K. Ensly, ibid., 59 (1973) 279.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    E. K. Ensley, Journal of Applied Chemistry and Biotechnology, 25 (1975) 671.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    S. Lowell, Introduction to Powder Surface Area, John Wiley & Sons, New York 1979, p. 124.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    K. Norrish and J. T. Hutton, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 33 (1969) 431.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    N. Márquez, C. Gall, C. Tudares, J. Paredes and C. de la Cruz, Preprints, American Chemical Society Division of Petroleum Chemistry, 34 (1989) 292.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    G. W. Hodgson, B. L. Baker and E. Peake, in B. Nagy and U. Colombo (eds) Fundamental Aspects of Petroleum Geochemistry, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam 1967, p. 183.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. A Hockey, Chemistry and Industry, (1965) 57.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    R. S. Winniford, Preprints, American Chemical Society Division of Petroleum Chemistry, 5 (1960) A-11.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. F. Wells, Structural Inorganic Chemistry, 5th Edition, Clarendon Press, Oxford 1984, p. 920.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Wiley Heyden Ltd, Chichester and Akadémiai Kiadó 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. V. Nowell
    • 1
  • M. W. Powell
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Natural SciencesHetfield PolytechnicHatfieldUK

Personalised recommendations