Mixed hybrid penalty finite element method and its application
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The penalty and hybrid methods are being much used in dealing with the general incompatible element. With the penalty method convergence can always be assured, but comparatively speaking its accuracy is lower, and the condition number and sparsity are not so good. With the hybrid method, convergence can be assured only when the rank condition is satisfied. So the construction of the element is extremely limited. This paper presents the mixed hybrid penalty element method, which combines the two methods together, And it is proved theoretically that this new method is convergent, and it has the same accuracy, condition number and sparsity as the compatible element. That is to say, they are optimal to each other.
Finally, a new triangle element for plate bending with nine freedom degrees is constructed with this method (three degrees of freedom are given on each corner—one displacement and two rotations), the calculating formula of the element stiffness matrix is almost the same as that of the old triangle element for plate bending with nine degrees of freedom. But it is converged to true solution with arbitrary irregrlar triangle subdivision. If the true solutionu∈H3 with this method the linear and quadratic rates of convergence are obtianed for three bending moments and for the displacement and two rotations respectively.
KeywordsFinite Element Method Assure Condition Number Stiffness Matrix Hybrid Method
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