, Volume 14, Issue 2, pp 139–146 | Cite as

Biosphere reserves in Germany: A contribution to support sustainable development

  • Hans G. Kastenholz
  • Karl-Heinz Erdmann


Biosphere reserves are protected areas of representative environments internationally recognised for their value for conservation and for their ability to provide the scientific knowledge, skills and human values to support sustainable development. Biosphere reserves — as a part of the UNESCO programme “Man and the Biosphere” (MAB) — make up a world-wide network sharing research information on ecosystem conservation, management and development. They include strictly protected ‘core-areas’ — representative examples of natural or minimally disturbed ecosystems. Core areas are surrounded by ‘buffer zones’ in which research, environmental education and training and recreation can take place. Buffer zones are, in turn, surrounded by ‘transition areas’, large open areas where the aim is to ensure rational development of the natural resources of the region. At present, twelve biosphere reserves are designated in Germany, covering in all an area of 11,589 km2. The role of biosphere reserves to support sustainable development in Germany and Europe is discussed.


Sustainable Development Protect Area Rational Development Buffer Zone Core Area 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Erdmann, K-H., and Kastenholz, H. 1990. Verantwortung für Mensch und Umwelt. Ein integrativer Diskussionsbeitrag zum UNESCO-Programm “Der Mensch und die Biosphäre” (MAB),Nachrichten Mensch-Umwelt,18(3/4), 1–11.Google Scholar
  2. Erdmann, K-H. and Kastenholz, H. 1992. Umwelterziehung ist Erziehung zur Verantwortung. Ein handlungsleitender Ansatz zur Vermittlung umweltverantwortlichen Handelns im Rahmen des MAB Programms.MAB-Miteilungen 36, 166–174.Google Scholar
  3. Erdmann, K-H. 1991. Der Mensch und die Biosphäre.Nationalpark,70(1/91), 8–12.Google Scholar
  4. Erdmann, K-H. and Nauber, J. 1990. Biosphärenreservate. Ein zentrales Element des UNESCO-Programs “Der Mensch und die Biosphäre (MAB),Natur und Landschaft,65, 479–483.Google Scholar
  5. Erdmann, K-H. and Nauber, J. 1991. UNESCO-Biosphärenreservate. Ein internationales Programm zum Schutz, zur Pflege und zur Entwicklung von Natur und Kulturlandschaften. In:Umwelt. Informationen des Bundesministers für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit 10/91, pp.440–450.Google Scholar
  6. Henke, H. 1979. Internationale Forschungsplanung für Nationalparke und vergleichbare Schutzgebiete.Nationalpark Bayerischer Wald,2, 20–23.Google Scholar
  7. Kastenholz, H. 1992. Die Bedeutung eines wissenschaftlich fundierten Menschenbildes für die Förderung umweltverant-wortlichen Handelns. In: Erdmann, K-H. (ed),Perspektiven menschlichen Handelns: Umwelt und Ethik, pp.110–131. Springer, Berlin.Google Scholar
  8. Kastenholz, H. and Erdmann, K-H. 1992. Positive social behaviour and the environmental crisis.The Environmentalist,12(3), 181–186.Google Scholar
  9. Knapp, H.D. 1990. Nationalparkprogramm der DDR als Baustein für ein europäisches Haus.MAB-Mitteilung,33, 41–45.Google Scholar
  10. Udvardy, M.D.F. 1975. A Classification of the Biogeographical Provinces of the World. Prepared as a Contribution to the UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere Programme, Project No. 8. IUCN Occasional Paper 18.Google Scholar
  11. UNESCO. 1972.International Coordianating Council of the Programme on Man and the Biosphere (MAB). First Session. MAB Report Series 15.Google Scholar
  12. UNESCO. 1984. Action plan for biosphere reserves.Nature and Resources,20(4), 1–12.Google Scholar
  13. UNESCO. 1987.A Practical Guide to MAB. Paris.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Science and Technology Letters 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans G. Kastenholz
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Karl-Heinz Erdmann
    • 1
  1. 1.ETH-ZentrumETH Swiss Federal Institute of TechnologyZurichSwitzerland
  2. 2.Institute for Behavioural Science of the Swiss Federal Institute of TechnologyZurichSwitzerland
  3. 3.Center of Technology Assessment in Baden-WürttembergStuttgartGermany

Personalised recommendations