International Urogynecology Journal

, Volume 6, Issue 6, pp 323–328 | Cite as

Laparoscopic burch repair compared to laparotomy Burch for cure of urinary stress incontinence

  • J. W. Ross
Original Article

Abstract

Sixty-two women underwent either laparoscopic Burch urethropexy or open Burch urethropexy for surgical correction of genuine stress urinary incontinence. Only patients with no prior incontinence surgery and with demonstrated genuine stress incontinence were included. Clinical evaluations were done preoperatively, at 3 months and 1 year postoperatively for objective cure. The preoperative evaluation included a 24-hour urolog, urology questionnaire, Q-tip test, cough stress test, perineal ultrasound, cystourethroscopy and simple-channel cystometrics. At follow-up all patients had repeat Q-tip test, perineal ultrasound and cough stress test. If there was any sign of leaking a repeat single-channel cystometrogram was done. Only patients with a negative objective study were considered cured. Differences in laparoscopic versus laparotomy cure rates at 1 year were insignificant (94% versus 93%). Both procedures stabilized the urethrovesical junction and prevented its descent during straining, as demonstrated by the postoperative Q-tip test and the perineal ultrasound. The two bladder procedures had comparable operative times but patients with laparoscopy voided earlier, were outpatients, and returned to work earlier. In conclusion, short-term results suggest that the laparoscopic Burch urethropexy can give similar results to laparotomy Burch urethropexy for correction of genuine stress incontinence.

Key words

Burch Laparoscopy Laparotomy Stress incontinence Ultrasound Urethropexy 

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Copyright information

© The International Urogynecology Journal 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. W. Ross
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Reproductive Medicine and Laparoscopic SurgerySalinasUSA

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