, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 133–139 | Cite as

Machine intelligence and the long-term future of the human species

  • Tom Stonier


Intelligence is not a property unique to the human brain; rather it represents a spectrum of phenomena. An understanding of the evolution of intelligence makes it clear that the evolution of machine intelligence has no theoretical limits — unlike the evolution of the human brain. Machine intelligence will outpace human intelligence and very likely will do so during the lifetime of our children. The mix of advanced machine intelligence with human individual and communal intelligence will create an evolutionary discontinuity as profound as the origin of life. It will presage the end of the human species as we know it. The question, in the author's view, is not whether this will happen, but when, and what should be our response.


human intelligence machine intelligence cultural evolution human brain electronic systems social implications 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tom Stonier
    • 1
  1. 1.Postgraduate School of Studies in Science and SocietyUniversity of BradfordUK

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