Foundations of Physics

, Volume 13, Issue 7, pp 655–672 | Cite as

On the foundations of the physical probability concept

  • Alois Hartkämper
  • Heinz-Jürgen Schmidt
Part I. Invited Papers Dedicated to Günther Ludwig


An exact formulation of the frequency interpretation of probability is proposed on the basis of G. Ludwig's concept of physical theories. Starting from a short outline of this concept, a formal definition of weak approximate reduction is developed, which covers the reduction of probability to frequency as a special case.


Formal Definition Physical Theory Exact Formulation Physical Probability Probability Concept 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alois Hartkämper
    • 1
  • Heinz-Jürgen Schmidt
    • 1
  1. 1.Fachbereich PhysikUniversität OsnabrückOsnabrückWest Germany

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