Gastrointestinal Radiology

, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 9–12 | Cite as

Isolated emphysematous gastritis in an infant

  • Raphael Udassin
  • Ithamar Aviad
  • Itzhak Vinograd
  • Shemuel Nissan


A case of isolated emphysematous gastritis in a full-term infant, which is the fifth so far in the medical literature, is described. Predisposing factors, mode of treatment, and sequelae differ from the rare adult form of this disease. Of special interest are malnutrition as a predisposing factor in the development of this disease in infants and the very important role of intravenous hyperalimentation in its successful treatment.

Key word

Emphysematous gastritis, diagnosis 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Meyers HI, Parker JJ: Emphysematoms gastritis.Radiology 89:426–431, 1967PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fraenkel E: Weber einen full von gastritis acuta emphysematosa wahrscheinlich mykotischen Ursprungs.Virchows Arch [Pathol Anat] 118:526–535, 1889Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Weens HS: Emphysematous gastritis.Am J Roentgenol Radium Ther Nucl Med 55:588–593, 1946Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Roy M Jr, Calconje MA, Mouton R: Corrosive gastritis after formaldehyde ingestion. Report of a case.N Engl J Med 266:1248–1250, 1962PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Berry WB, Hall RA, Jordan GL Jr: Necrosis of the entire stomach secondary to ingestion of a corrosive acid. Report of a patient successfully treated by total gastrectomy.Am J Surg 109:652–655, 1965PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Han Sang Y, Collins LC, Copeland E: Emphysematous gastritis.JAMA 192:914–916, 1965PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fink DW, Boyden FM: Gas in the portal veins. A report of two cases due to ingestion of corrosive substances.Radiology 87:741–743, 1966PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Clearfield HR, Shin Young H, Schreibman BK: Emphysematous gastritis secondary to lye ingestion.Am J Dig Dis 14:195–199, 1969PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jensen AR, Rodgers BM: Emphysematous gastritis secondary to acid ingestion in an infant.J Fla Med Assoc 64:484–487, 1977PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bernardino ME, Lawson TL: Emphysematous gastritis and gastric perforation. An unusual manifestation of alkaline corrosive ingestion.Gastrointest Radiol 2:107–108, 1977PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Morton JJ, Stabins SJ: Phlegmonous gastritis ofBacillus aerogenes Capsulatus (B. Welchii) origin.Ann Surg 87:848–854, 1928Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gonzales LL, Schowengerdt C, Skinner HH, Lynch P: Emphysematous gastritis.Surg Gynecol Obstet 116:79–87, 1963PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sawyer RB, Waddell MC, Sawyer KC, Greer JC: Emphysematous gastritis.Gastroenterology 53:452–455, 1967Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Dassel PM: Roentgen demonstration of gangrene of the stomach and intestine: a late finding in infarction of the gastrointestinal tract.AJR 91:819–825, 1964Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Vaughan BF: Emphysema of the stomach with portal vein gas.Aust Radiol 16:377–378, 1972Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Weston TS: Emphysematous gastritis. Report of a case.Aust NZ J Surg 45:261–262, 1975Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Champault G, Michel F, Callard P, Patel JC: Emphysematous gastritis after vasopressin infusion.Gastroenterol Clin Biol 2:745–749, 1978PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Farfel B, Eichhorn R: Emphysematous gastritis.Am J Gastroenterol 25:125–130, 1956PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Welch CE, Jones CM: Emphysematous gastritis.N Engl J Med 237:983–985, 1941Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Rowen M, Myers M, Williamson RA: Emphysematous gastritis in a leukemic child.Med Pediatr Oncol 2:433–437, 1976PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kinkhabwala MN, Conradi H, Farman J, Rabinowitz JG: Acute emphysematous gastritis. The significance of the angiographic findings.Radiology 109:553–554, 1973PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Berens SV, Moskowitz H, Mellins HZ: Air within the wall of the stomach. Roentgen manifestations and a new roentgenographic sign.AJR 103:310–313, 1968Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kempmann G, Becker H: Emphysematous gastritis.Fortschr Röntgenstr 129:310–312, 1978Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Henry GW: Emphysematous gastritis.AJR 68:15–18, 1952Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Sznejder MA: Interstitial gastric emphysema in newborn infants due to a polyvinyl feeding tube.J Pediatr 66:126–127, 1965PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Seaman WB, Fleming RJ: Intramural gastric emphysema.AJR 101:431–436, 1967Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Leonidas JC: Gastric pneumatosis in infancy.Arch Dis Child 51:395–398, 1976PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Druckmann A, Schwartz A, Rabinovici N, Feuchtwanger M: Pneumatosis of the intestines.AJR 86:911–919, 1961Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Plachta A, Speer F: Mechanism of non-bacterial gastric emphysema.Gastroenterology 40:248–252, 1961PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Holgersen LO, Bornes PF, Srouji MN: Isolated gastric pneumatosis.J Pediatr Surg 9:813–816, 1974PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Lumsden K: Radiological demonstration of gas in stomach wall.Br J Radiol 29:596–600, 1956PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Lester PD, Budge AF, Barnes JC, Kirks DR: Gastric emphysema in infants with hypertrophic pyloric stenosis.AJR 131:421–423, 1978PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raphael Udassin
    • 1
  • Ithamar Aviad
    • 2
  • Itzhak Vinograd
    • 1
  • Shemuel Nissan
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of General and Pediatric SurgeryHadassah University HospitalJerusalemIsrael
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyHadassah University HospitalJerusalemIsrael

Personalised recommendations