Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTHC) is now a widely available, inexpensive investigation with a low incidence of complications, especially in the nonobstructed system, and a high success rate. Its role in the management of obstructive jaundice is well established but it is only infrequently performed in the investigation of persistent bile leakage following biliary tract surgery. Four cases are reported in which the superior demonstration of biliary anatomy provided by PTHC allowed successful identification of the site of postoperative biliary leakage. We compared PTHC with other diagnostic imaging techniques available and conclude that it is a safe, accurate, and reliable technique.
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Kissin, C.M., Grundy, A. Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography in the investigation of the persistent postoperative bile leak. Gastrointest Radiol 12, 215–218 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01885146