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Qualitas Plantarum et Materiae Vegetabiles

, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 262–280 | Cite as

Some problems of carotenoid formation in photosynthetic tissues

  • T. W. Goodwin
III. Caroténoides

Summary

1. Information available on the nature, location in the cell, and distribution of carotenoids in the photosynthetic tissues of higher plants, in algae and in the photosynthetic bacteria is outlined.

2. The effects of light and temperature on carotenogenesis are discussed in some detail.

3. The mechanism of carotenogenesis has been discussed from the points of view of the three main outstanding problems: (a) the nature of the basic monomer; (b) the nature of the primitive C40 precursor and (c) the insertion of the oxygen function to produce xanthophylls.

Keywords

Oxygen Plant Physiology Carotenoid Xanthophyll Photosynthetic Bacterium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Résumé

Rappel des données acquises sur la nature, la localisation dans la cellule et la distribution des caroténoïdes dans les tissus photosynthétiques des plantes supérieures, des algues et des bactéries photosynthétiques. Les effect de lumière et de température sur la caroténogenèse sont examinés en détail. Le mécanisme de la caroténogenèse a été discuté en partant des trois problèmes principaux: (a) la nature du monomère initial; (b) la nature du précurseur primaire en C40; (c) l'introduction de la fonction oxhydrile déterminant la formation de xanthophylle.

Zusammenfassung

Die bekannten Daten über Natur, Lokalisierung in der Zelle, und Verbreitung von Karotinoïden in den der Photosynthese dienenden Geweben der höheren Pflanzen, der Algen und der photosynthetischen Bakterien werden erwähnt. Die Einflüsse des Lichtes und der Temperatur auf die Karotinoïdbildung werden eingehend besprochen. Der Mechanismus der Karotinoïdbildung wurde diskutiert, ausgehend von drei Gesichtspunkten: a) von der Natur des Monomers, das die Grundsubstanz bildet; b) von der Natur des ersten Vorproduktes C40; c) von dem Einbau von OH-Gruppen in das Molekul, um Xanthophylle zu bilden.

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Copyright information

© Uitgeverij Dr. W. Junk 1958

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. W. Goodwin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryThe UniversityLiverpoolEngland

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