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Occurrence and transmission of sowbane mosaic virus in seed from naturally infected plants of spinach (Spinacia oleracea)

Abstract

Sowbane mosaic virus was isolated as a single infectious component from seedlings and seeds from a seed-lot of spinach (Spinacia oleracea) propagated in Hungary, and was identified by experimental host-range, thermal-inactivation point, dilution end-point, electron microscopy and serology.Chenopodium quinoa was more susceptible and/or sensitive to infection thanC. amaranticolor and was a better indicator host, butC. amaranticolor is of diagnostic value. This is the first report on natural infection of spinach by the virus and on its natural seed-transmission in spinach. Growing-on tests on whole seeds and infectivity tests on separate embryos and seed-coats showed that over 30% of the seeds' embryos were infected and c. 80% of the seed-coats contained the virus. The incidence of infection in the spinach crop from which the seed was obtained must have been high.

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Bos, L., Huijberts, N. Occurrence and transmission of sowbane mosaic virus in seed from naturally infected plants of spinach (Spinacia oleracea). Eur J Plant Pathol 102, 707–711 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01877252

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01877252

Key words

  • seed testing
  • virus contamination