Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal

, Volume 11, Issue 6, pp 507–523 | Cite as

Current concepts in pediatric primary nocturnal enuresis

  • William J. Warzak
  • Patrick C. Friman


It is estimated that enuresis affects 5 to 7 million children in the United States. Although the problem is common and well known, appropriate and effective treatment is not always provided. This may be due to the many etiological theories associated with this condition as well as a correspondingly high number of interventions. The present paper summarizes the empirical literature regarding primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE), with an emphasis on pharmacological and behavioral interventions. The data support the view that children with enuresis have a wide range of negative experiences that can affect self-esteem and development, but that enuresis is not associated with significant psychiatric or behavioral difficulties. Given the strong empirical support for several interventions for PNE, children who have this condition should not go untreated.


Effective Treatment Social Psychology Behavioral Intervention Empirical Support Empirical Literature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • William J. Warzak
    • 1
  • Patrick C. Friman
    • 1
  1. 1.Meyer Rehabilitation InstituteUniversity of Nebraska Medical CenterOmaha

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