Neuropsychology Review

, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 289–298 | Cite as

One hundred years of neuropsychology in Japan: Retrospect and prospect

  • Toshihiko Hamanaka


The development of neuropsychology in Japan since the end of the 19th century will be outlined, including a number of pioneering works that gave a scientific basis to contemporary Japanese neuropsychology. The activities of societies/associations of related disciplines as well as the educational systems of clinical and experimental neuropsychology, which represents in Japan an interdisciplinary field, will be described. After national and international activities are mentioned, a review of significant Japanese contributions to main topics in neuropsychology will be given in some detail: dementia, memory disorders, frontal lobe syndromes, aphasia-alexia-agraphia, callosal syndromes, and specific right hemisphere syndromes. The issues of these interdisciplinary scientific investigations have found application in language and cognitive disabilities of brain-damaged patients, as well as evaluation of medical treatments and comedical rehabilitational efforts, care, and counseling. Finally, some comments will be presented on possible and desirable developments of Japanese neuropsychology in the future.

Key Words

Japanese neuropsychology history and future scientific organizations current research education and application 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toshihiko Hamanaka
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeuropsychiatryNagoya City UniversityNagoyaJapan

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