Fish Physiology and Biochemistry

, Volume 15, Issue 5, pp 363–370 | Cite as

Effect of environmental calcium levels on calcium uptake in tilapia larvae Oreochromis mossambicus

  • Pung-Pung Hwang
  • Yu-Chi Tung
  • Min-Hwang Chang


Effects of environmental calcium concentrations on the survival, growth, body calcium content and calcium uptake kinetics in developing tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) larvae were studied. Fertilized eggs were incubated in high- and low-calcium artificial freshwater (0.88–0.96 mmol l−1vs. 0.02–0.03 mmol l−1 CaCl2 or CaSO4) until 3 days after hatching. Tilapia larvae showed similar hatching rates and wet weights in either high- or low-calcium medium, indicating neither the development nor the growth in tilapia larvae was affected by the environmental calcium levels. The body calcium content in low-calcium groups was about 90–95% that of high-calcium groups, No matter what calcium source was used (CaCl2 or CaSO4), acclimation to low calcium medium caused a stimulation of calcium uptake (measured in 0.2 mmol l−1 calcium),i.e., 1.2–1.3 fold higher than that of high calcium groups. This enhanced calcium uptake capacity was characterized by a 50% decrease in Km and a 25% increase in Jmax. Effect of different calcium salts on calcium influx was significant only in low calcium level,i.e., calcium influx in low-CaCl2 group higher than that in low-CaSO4 group. These results suggest that tilapia larvae are able to modulate their calcium uptake mechanism to maintain normal body calcium content and growth in environments with different levels of calcium.


tilapia larvae development Ca2+ content Ca2+ influx Km, Jmax 


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Copyright information

© Kugler Publication 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pung-Pung Hwang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yu-Chi Tung
    • 1
  • Min-Hwang Chang
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of ZoologyAcademia SinicaTaipeiTaiwan, Republic of China
  2. 2.Institute of Fisheries ScienceNational Taiwan UniversityTaipei
  3. 3.Department of BiologyTunghai UniversityTaichungTaiwan, ROC

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