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Environmental Management

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 325–332 | Cite as

In situ bioremediation of an underground diesel fuel spill: A case history

  • W. T. FrankenbergerJr.
  • K. D. Emerson
  • D. W. Turner
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Abstract

In the winter months of 1983, approximately 1000 gallons of diesel fuel had flowed along an asphalt parking lot of a commercial establishment towards a surface drain near an open creek. Investigations led to the discovery of an underground storage tank leaking diesel fuel. Exploratory borings showed that contamination was near the surface horizon and the capillary zone of the water table. Hydrocarbon quantities ranged up to 1500 mg/kg of soil. The plume continued to move in an eastward direction toward the surface water of the creek. A laboratory study indicated relatively high numbers of hydrocarbon-oxidizing organisms relative to glucose-utilizing microorganisms in the unsaturated vadose zone. Bioreclamation was initiated in April 1984 by injecting nutrients (nitrogen and phosphorus) and hydrogen peroxide and terminated in October 1984 upon no detection (<1 mg/kg) of hydrocarbons. A verification boring within the vicinity of the contaminated plume confirmed that residual contamination had attained background levels. The monitoring program was terminated in January 1987.

Key words

Hydrocarbon contamination Bioreclamation Biorestoration Oil spill Biodegradation of petroleum 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. T. FrankenbergerJr.
    • 1
  • K. D. Emerson
    • 2
  • D. W. Turner
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Soil and Environmental SciencesUniversity of CaliforniaRiversideUSA
  2. 2.Pioneer ConsultantsRedlandsUSA

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