Advertisement

European Journal of Plant Pathology

, Volume 101, Issue 3, pp 225–229 | Cite as

Identification of bacterial leaf streak of cereals by their phenotypic characteristics and host range in Iran

  • A. Alizadeh
  • G. Barrault
  • A. Sarrafi
  • H. Rahimian
  • L. Albertini
Article

Abstract

Forty-four bacterial isolates were obtained from infected wheat, barley and various grasses from different regions of Iran. All isolates were bacteriologically similar toXanthomonas campestris and some of their physiological and biochemical features can be useful for a primary differentiation between them. Depending on their pathogenicity, the isolates were split into two groups; the wheat group isolated from wheat, barley and grasses could infect artificially wheat, barley, rye,Agropyron elongatum, Bromus inermis, andLolium multiflorum but not oat, whereas the barley group obtained from cultivated or wild barley was pathogenic to barley only. From their bacteriological characteristics and host range, the barley and the wheat group isolated were identified asX. campestris pvs.hordei andcerealis, respectively.Aegilops sp.,Sclerochloa dura, andHeteranthelium sp. were, for the first time, shown to be hosts ofX. c. pv.cerealis.

Key words

Xanthomonas campestris pv.hordei pv.cerealis wheat barley 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Akhtar MA and Aslam M (1985) Bacterial stripe of wheat in Pakistan. Rachis 4: 49Google Scholar
  2. Alizadeh A and Rahimian H (1989) Bacterial leaf streak of gramineae in Iran. EPPO Bulletin 19: 113–117Google Scholar
  3. Boosalis MG (1950) A partial-vacuum technique for inoculating seedlings with bacteria and fungi. Phytopathology 40: 2–3Google Scholar
  4. Bradbury JF (1986) Guide to Plant Pathogenic Bacteria. CAB, International Mycological Institute, Kew, Surrey, England, 332 ppGoogle Scholar
  5. Buchanan RE and Gibbons NE (1974) Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 8th ed. Williams and Wilkins Company, Baltimore, 1268 ppGoogle Scholar
  6. Cunfer BM (1988) Bacterial disease of wheat and their potential importance in tropical regions. In: Klatt A (ed) Wheat production constraints in tropical environments (pp 263–273) CIMMYT, Mexico (MX)Google Scholar
  7. Demir G and Ustûn N (1992) Studies on bacterial streak disease (Xanthomonas campestris pv.translucens (Joneset al., Dye.) of wheat and other Gramineae. Journal of Turkish Phytopathology 21: 33–40Google Scholar
  8. Duveiller E (1989) Screening criteria for bacterial leaf streak in bread wheat, durum wheat and triticale. In: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Plant Pathogenic Bacteria, Budapest, Hungary, 1011–1016Google Scholar
  9. Dye DW (1962) The inadequacy of the usual determinative tests for the identification ofXanthomonas spp. New Zealand Journal of Science 5: 393–416Google Scholar
  10. Dye DW, Bradbury JF, Goto M, Hayward AC, Lelliott RA and Schroth MN (1980) International standards for naming pathovars of phypathogenic bacteria and a list of pathovar names and pathotype strains. Review of Plant Pathology 59: 153–168Google Scholar
  11. Klement Z, Farkas GL and Lovrekovich L (1864) Hypersensitive reaction induced by phytopathogenic bacteria in the tobacco leaf. Phytopathology 54: 474–477Google Scholar
  12. Lelliott RA and Stead DE (1987) Methods in Plant Pathology, Methods for the Diagnosis of Bacterial Diseases of Plants. Blackwell Scientific Publications 216 ppGoogle Scholar
  13. Moffett LM and McCarthy GJP (1973)Xanthomonas translucens on Japanese millet (Echinochloa crus-galli var.frumentacea). Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture and Animal Husbandry 13: 452–454Google Scholar
  14. Noval C (1989) Maladies bactériennes des graminées en Espagne. EPPO Bulletin 19: 131–135Google Scholar
  15. Schaad NW and Forster RL (1985) A semi-selective agar medium for isolatingXanthomonas campestris pv.translucens from wheat seeds. Phytopathology 75: 260–263Google Scholar
  16. Schaad NW (1980) Laboratory Guide for Identification of Plant Pathogenic Bacteria. American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, Minnesota USA 72 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Alizadeh
    • 1
  • G. Barrault
    • 1
  • A. Sarrafi
    • 1
  • H. Rahimian
    • 2
  • L. Albertini
    • 1
  1. 1.Ecole Nationale Supérieure Agronomique (ENSAT)Toulouse-CédexFrance
  2. 2.Laboratory of Phytopathology, Faculty of Agronomic SciencesUniversity of MazandaranSariIran

Personalised recommendations