Environmental Management

, Volume 5, Issue 3, pp 213–224 | Cite as

Environmental management: A system approach

  • William J. Petak


This paper presents a system framework whose purpose is to improve understanding of environmental management. By analyzing the links between elements of the environmental management system, it is possible to construct a model that aids thinking systematically about the decision-making subsystem, and other subsystems, of the entire environmental management system.

Through a multidisciplinary environmental approach, each of the individual subsystems is able to adapt to threats and opportunities. The fields of government, market economics, social responsibility and ecology, for example, are so complex that it is extremely difficult to develop a framework that gives full consideration to all aspects. This paper, through the application of a highly idealized system framework, attempts to show the general relationships that exist between complex system elements.


Systems management Environmental management Decision making 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • William J. Petak
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Public AdministrationUniversity of Southern CaliforniaUniversity Park, Los Angeles

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