Advertisement

Microcomputers for computer-assisted instruction in anesthesia

  • H. Steele Holley
  • Floyd N. Heller
Article
  • 13 Downloads

Summary

This article discusses the suitability of microcomputers and microcomputer languages for computer-assisted instruction. The advantages and disadvantages of using computers in general and microcomputers in particular for CAI are presented. Programming techniques for different types of CAI programs are discussed. Finally, we have summarized several articles on CAI in anesthesia and have concluded that CAI programs are an effective method of presenting certain types of instruction in the specialty.

Key words

computer-assisted instruction microcomputers education 

References

  1. 1.
    Blackburn JP: Computers and the anaesthetist. In: Scurr C, Feldman S (eds) Scientific foundations of anaesthesia. Chicago, Year Book Medical Publishers, Inc, 1974, pp 549–558.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Baker AB: Analogs of respiratory mechanics. In: Thornton JA (ed) The use of computers for anesthesia teaching (International Anesthesiology Clinics). Boston, Little, Brown and Company, 1971, pp 39–64.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rosenblatt R, Friedrich O, Cocks J, Golden F, Faflick P: Machine of the year: the computer moves in. Time 121:12–39, 1983.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dettmann TR: A history of languages. 80-U.S. Journal 6:18–20, 1983.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yehle RA, Brown CC: TRS-80 languages. 80-U.S. Journal 6:22–23, 1983.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Blank G: A tourist's guide to the cybernetic Tower of Babel. Creative Computing: 94–103, 1981.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Blank G: The ins and outs of high-level languages. Personal Computing: 10–73, 1981.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Harwood R: Advanced computing: high-level languages — which is for you? Personal Computing:57–101, 1982.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Nicholas R, Martel P: TRS-80 tongues. 80 Micro: 216–224, 1982.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Scarpelli A: BASIC and FORTH: a comparison of the two languages. 80-U.S. Journal 6:108–109, 1983.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Chakravorty R: PILOTPlus (MicroPILOT): an evaluation of this CAI language from Radio Shack. 80-U.S. Journal 6:112–114, 1983.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Beer R: Lisp: basically speaking — part 1. 80 Micro: 178–186, 1983.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Grothman MM: APL Primer — Part 1. 80 Micro: 376–382, 1982.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Renne ME: Pascal: the advantages of a new language. 80-U.S. Journal 6:48–54, 1983.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Luehrmann A: Structured programming in Basic. Part 1: top-down Basic. Creative Computing 10:152–156, 1984.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Douglas BP: Move over Basic, here comes Pascal. 80 Micro: 184–190, 1984.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Holcomb JD, Garner AE: Improving teaching in medical schools (A practical handbook). Springfield (Ill.), Charles C. Thomas, 1973, p 110.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kraft HH, Macnamara TE, Lees DE: Maximal use of microcomputers in anesthesiology. Southern Medical Journal 76:33–36, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Holley HS, Heller FN: The microcomputer in anesthesia education. Anesthesiology Review 8:29–34, 1981.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Huntington JE: Computer-assisted instruction using BASIC. Englewood Cliffs, Educational Technology Publications, 1979, pp 80–108.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    McIntyre JWR: Computer-aided instruction as a part of an undergraduate programme in anaesthesia. Canad Anaesth Soc J 27:68–73, 1980.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kenny GNC, Schmulian C: Computer-assisted learning in the teaching of anaesthesia. Anaesthesia 34:159–162, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Cheris BH: 1964. On comparing programming and other teaching methods. J Med Educ 39:304–310, 1964.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Holley HS, Heller FN: Microcomputers for computer-assisted instruction. Journal of Medical Education. (June, 1984).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    McDonald CJ: Computer technology and continuing medical education: a scenario for the future. AMA Continuing Medical Education Newsletter 11:2–9, 1982.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff Publishers 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Steele Holley
    • 1
  • Floyd N. Heller
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiaNorthwestern University — McGaw Medical CenterChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnesthesiaRush University Medical CollegeChicagoUSA

Personalised recommendations