The Journal of Membrane Biology

, Volume 43, Issue 4, pp 335–349 | Cite as

Evidence for interactions between the energy-dependent transport of sugars and the membrane potential in the yeastRhodotorula gracilis (Rhodosporidium toruloides)

  • Robert Hauer
  • Milan Höfer
Article

Summary

A membrane potential (inside negative) across the plasma membrane of the obligatory aerobic yeastRhodotorula gracilis is indicated by the intracellular accumulation of the lipid-soluble cations tetraphenylphosphonium and triphenylmethylphosphonium. The uptake of these ions is inhibited by anaerobic conditions, by uncouplers, by addition of diffusible ions, or by increase of the leakiness of the membrane caused by the polyene antibiotic nystatin. The membrane potential is strongly pH-dependent, its value increasing with decreasing extracellular proton concentration. Addition of transportable monosaccharides causes a depolarization of the electrical potential difference, indicating that the H+-sugar cotransport is electrogenic. The effect on the membrane potential is enhanced by increasing the sugar concentration. The half-saturation constants of depolarization ford-xylose andd-galactose were comparable to those of the corresponding transport system for the two sugars. All agents that depressed the membrane potential inhibited monosaccharide transport; hence the membrane potential provides energy for active sugar transport in this strain of yeast.

Keywords

Sugar Membrane Potential Monosaccharide Nystatin Sugar Transport 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Hauer
    • 1
  • Milan Höfer
    • 1
  1. 1.Botanisches Institut, der UniversitätBonn 1Germany

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