The Journal of Membrane Biology

, Volume 62, Issue 1–2, pp 7–17 | Cite as

Chloride distribution in the proximal convoluted tubule ofNecturus kidney

  • A. Edelman
  • M. Bouthier
  • T. Anagnostopoulos


To assess the mechanism(s) by which intraluminal chloride concentration is raised above equilibrium values, intracellular Cl activity (α i Cl ) was studied in the proximal tubule ofNecturus kidney. Paired measurements of cell membrane PD (VBL) and Cl-selective electrode PD (V BL Cl ) were performed in single tubules, during reversible shifts of peritubular or luminal fluid composition. Steadystate α i Cl was estimated at 14.6±0.6 mmol/liter, a figure substantially higher than that predicted for passive distribution. To determine the site of the uphill Cl transport into the cell, an inhibitor of anion transport (SITS) was added to the perfusion fluid. Introduction of SITS in peritubular perfusate decreased α i Cl , whereas addition of the drug in luminal fluid slightly increased α i Cl ; both results are consistent with basolateral membrane uphill Cl transport from interstitium to the cell. TMA+ for Na+ substitutions in either luminal or peritubular perfusate had no effect on α i Cl . Removal of bicarbonate from peritubular fluid, at constant pH (a situation increasing HCO 3 outflux), resulted in an increase of α i Cl , presumably related to enhanced Cl cell influx: we infer that Cl is exchanged against HCO 3 at the basolateral membrane. The following mechanism is suggested to account for the rise in luminal Cl concentration above equilibrium values: intracellular CO2 hydration gives rise to cell HCO 3 concentrations above equilibrium. The passive exit of HCO 3 at the basolateral membrane energizes an uphill entry of Cl into the cell. The resulting increase of α i Cl , above equilibrium, generates downhill Cl diffusion from cell to lumen. As a result, luminal Cl concentration also increases.

Key words

Renal transport proximal tubule selective microelectrodes chloride intracellular activity 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Edelman
    • 1
  • M. Bouthier
    • 1
  • T. Anagnostopoulos
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale-Unité 192Hôpital Necker-Enfants MaladesParisFrance

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