The Journal of Membrane Biology

, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp 189–204 | Cite as

Redox involvement in acid secretion in the amphibian gastric mucosa

  • Edd C. Rabon
  • H. M. Sarau
  • W. S. Rehm
  • G. Sachs
Article

Summary

Gastric fundic metabolism was studied by spectroscopic observation in frog mucosa during transitions of secretory status in vitro and by direct measurement of pyridine nucleotides and associated metabolites in biopsies of dog fundic mucosa also during secretory oxidation of the redox components from flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) to cytochromea3. Addition of histamine resulted in reduction of these components with onset of secretion by about 50%. In contrast, the effect of apparently, burimamide and subsequently histamine on the ratio of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, reduced (NAD+/NADH) was relatively slight. Further, the presence of burimamide substantially reduces the effect of amytal on the pyridine nucleotide spectrum and abolishes the effect of amytal on FAD and the cytochromes. Measurements of lactate, pyruvate, α-ketoglutarate, NH3 and glutamate in the dog showed that whereas the calculated NAD+/NADH ratio in the cytoplasm declined with onset of secretion, the calculated mitochondrial ratio rose. No change was noted in the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate/nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, reduced (NADP+/NADPH) ratio. It is concluded that (1) H2 antagonists act by blocking substrate flow into the mitochondrial respiratory chain, (2) conversely, histamine stimulation acts at the level of substrate mobilization, and (3) there may be a cross-over in the mitochondrial chain between NAD+ and FAD.

Keywords

Histamine NADH Dinucleotide NADP Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edd C. Rabon
    • 1
    • 2
  • H. M. Sarau
    • 1
    • 2
  • W. S. Rehm
    • 1
    • 2
  • G. Sachs
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Membrane BiologyUniversity of Alabama in BirminghamBirmingham
  2. 2.SKF LaboratoriesPhiladelphia

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