Environmental Management

, Volume 4, Issue 5, pp 425–431 | Cite as

Managing bog environments for recreational experiences

  • William E. Hammitt


Bogs are of interest to outdoor recreationists, but little information exists concerning how recreation resource managers might manage these areas to enhance visitor benefits. This study evaluates bog visitor characteristics and experiences, visual preferences, and reasons for visiting. Implications for recreational resource management of bogs include the location and design of boardwalk trails and management of understory vegetation to meet the visual preferences and motives of bog visitors.

Key words

Bog resource management recreation preferences outdoor recreation behavior landscape assessment 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Brush, R. O. 1976. Spaces within the woods: managing forests for visual enjoyment. J. For. 74 (11): 744–747.Google Scholar
  2. Driver, B. L. 1976. Toward a better understanding of the social benefits of outdoor recreation participation. USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. SE-9. pp. 163–167, 171–175.Google Scholar
  3. Gallagher, T. J. 1977. Visual preference for alternative natural landscapes. Ph.D. dissertation, Univ. Michigan, Ann Arbor. 163 pp.Google Scholar
  4. Gates, F. C. 1942. The bogs of Northern Lower Michigan. Ecol. Monog. 12 (3): 213–254.Google Scholar
  5. Hammitt, W. E. 1978. Visual and user preference for a bog environment. Ph.D. dissertation, Univ. Michigan, Ann Arbor. 159 pp.Google Scholar
  6. Hammitt, W. E. 1979. Designing mystery into trail experiences. J. Interpretation 5(1): 16–19.Google Scholar
  7. Kaplan, S. and R. Kaplan (eds.) 1978. Humanscape: Environments for people. Duxbury Press; North Scituate, Ma. 480 pp.Google Scholar
  8. Levin, J. E. 1977. Riverscape preference: on-site and photographic reactions. MS thesis, Univ. Michigan, Ann Arbor. 114 pp.Google Scholar
  9. Lingoes, J. C. 1972. A general study of the Guttman-Lingoes Nonmetric Program Series.In R. N. Shepard, A. K. Romney, and S. B. Nerlove, (eds.), Multidimensional Scaling, vol. 1. Seminar, New York.Google Scholar
  10. Niering, W. A. 1966. The life of the marsh. McGraw-Hill: New York.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • William E. Hammitt
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Forestry, Wildlife, and FisheriesUniversity of TennesseeKnoxville

Personalised recommendations