Environmental Management

, Volume 4, Issue 5, pp 391–405 | Cite as

Environmental problem-solving and land-use management: A proposed structure for Australia

  • Arthur Conacher


A three-tiered structure of land-use and environmental management is here proposed for Australia. The structure is based on the idea that “environment” means the environment of people, and that “environmental problems” arise when a change in the interaction between people and their environment leads to conflicts about the use of land and resources. The heterogeneity of society means that a range of human aspirations and value systems must be satisfied by environmental managers. Existing methods of environmental management fail to achieve these objectives, due to inadequate perception of environmental problems by decision-makers, and the inability of currently available impact assessment techniques to resolve human conflicts associated with the use of land and resources. The main work of planning and managing land use and the environment would be carried out by regional authorities, supported by federal and state policy. Examples are given of moves towards regional administration in England and Wales, Western Australia, Australia and New Zealand. Community participation in the decision-making process is essential and can be achieved by electoral representation to the authoritative bodies and through procedures that ensure informed public comment on planning proposals.

Key words

Environmental management land use environmental problem quality of life community participation Australia federal state, and regional authorities environmental impact assessment Land Use and Environmental Management Authorities (LUEMAS) 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arthur Conacher
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of Western AustraliaNedlandsAustralia

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