Advertisement

Environmental Management

, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 315–324 | Cite as

Modeling the relationship between development and storm water and nutrient runoff

  • Charles S. HopkinsonJr.
  • John W. DayJr.
Research

Abstract

The EPA Storm Water Management Model was used to model the effects of urban and agricultural development on storm water runoff from uplands bordering a Louisiana swamp forest. Using this model, we examined the effects of changing land use patterns. By 1995 it is projected that urban land on the uplands bordering the swamp will increase by 321 percent, primarily at the expense of land currently in agriculture. Simulation results indicate that urbanization will cause storm water runoff rates to be up to 4.2 times greater in 1995 than in 1975. Nutrient runoff will increase 28 percent for nitrogen (N) and 16 percent for phosphorus (P) during the same period. The environmental effects of these changes in the receiving swamp forest are examined.

Key words

Nutrient runoff Nonpoint pollution Storm Water Management Model (SWMM) Storm water runoff Urban development Water runoff 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature cited

  1. Chow, V. T. 1964. Handbook of applied hydrology. McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York. 562 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Conner, W. H., and J. W. Day. 1976. Productivity and composition of a bald cypress water tupelo site and a bottomland hardwood site in a Louisiana swamp. Amer. J. Bot. 63(10): 1354–1364.Google Scholar
  3. Craig, N. J., and J. W. Day, Jr., eds. 1977. Cumulative impact studies in the Louisiana coastal zone: eutrophication and land loss. Final report to Louisiana State Planning Office, Baton Rouge. 85 pp.Google Scholar
  4. Day, J. W., T. J. Butler, and W. H. Conner. 1977. Productivity and nutrient export studies in a cypress swamp and lake system in Louisiana. Pages 255–269 in M. Wiley (ed.), Estaurine processes. Vol. II: Academic Press, New York. 428 pp.Google Scholar
  5. Environmental Protection Agency. 1971. Storm water mansagement model. U.S. EPA Water Pollution Control Research Series, 11024DOC07/71. 352 pp.Google Scholar
  6. Environmental Protection Agency. 1979. Storm water mansagement model (SWMM) users group meeting. Montreal, Canada. EPA 600/9-79-020. 411 pp.Google Scholar
  7. Gael, B. T., and C. S. Hopkinson. 1979. Drainage density, land use and eutrophication in Barataria Bay, Louisiana. Pages 147–165 in J. W. Day, Jr., D. Culley, R. E. Turner, and A. Mumphrey, (eds.), Third coastal marsh and estuary management symposium. Louisiana State University, Div. of Cont. Ed., Baton Rouge. 511 pp.Google Scholar
  8. Hopkinson, C. S. 1979. The relation of man and nature in Barataria Basin, Louisiana. Ph.D. diss., Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge. 236 pp.Google Scholar
  9. Hopkinson, C. S.,and J. W. Day, Jr. 1980. Modeling hydrology and eutrophication in a Louisiana swamp forest ecosystem. Environmental Management 4(4): 325–335.Google Scholar
  10. Kemp, G. P. 1978. Agricultural runoff and nutrient dynamics of a swamp forest in Louisiana. M.S. thesis, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge. 57 pp.Google Scholar
  11. Lantz, K. 1970. An ecological survey of factors affecting fish production in a Louisiana natural lake and river. La. Wildlife and Fisheries Comm. Bull. #6, New Orleans. 92 pp.Google Scholar
  12. SCS. 1976. Environmental impact statement, Lake Verret watershed (draft). US Dept. of Agriculture, Alexandria, La.Google Scholar
  13. Seaton, A. M. 1979. Nutrient chemistry in the Barataria Basin: a multivariate approach. M.S. thesis, Louisiana State University, Baton Route. 78 pp.Google Scholar
  14. Shannon, E. E., and P. L. Brezonik. 1972. Relationships between lake trophic state and nitrogen and phosphorus loading rates. Envir. Sci. and Techn. 6(8):719–725.Google Scholar
  15. Thornthwaite, C. W., and J. Mather. 1955. The water balance. Drexel Inst. Tech. Lab. of Climatology. Climatology 8(1): 1–86.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles S. HopkinsonJr.
    • 1
  • John W. DayJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Coastal Ecology Laboratory Center for Wetland ResourcesLouisiana State UniversityBaton Rouge

Personalised recommendations