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The Journal of Membrane Biology

, Volume 120, Issue 3, pp 223–232 | Cite as

Stimulation of olfactory receptors alters regulation of [Cai] in olfactory neurons of the catfish (Ictalurus punctatus)

  • Diego Restrepo
  • Ardithanne G. Boyle
Articles

Summary

Intracellular calcium was measured in single olfactory neurons from the channel catfish (Icatalurus punctatus) using the fluorescent Ca2+ indicator fura 2. In 5% of the cells, olfactory stimuli (amino acids) elicited an influx of calcium through the plasma membrane which led to a rapid transient increase in intracellular calcium concentration. Amino acids did not induce release of calcium from internal stores in these cells. Some cells responded specifically to one stimulus (l-alanine,l-arginine,l-norleucine andl-glutamate) while one cell responded to all stimuli. An increase in intracellular calcium could also be elicited in 50% of the cells by direct G-protein stimulation using aluminum fluoride. Because the fraction of cells which respond to direct G-protein stimulation is substantially larger than the fraction of cells responding to amino acids, we tested for possible damage of receptor proteins due to exposure of the olfactory neurons to papain during cell isolation. We find that pretreatment with papain does not alter specific binding ofl-alanine andl-arginine to olfactory receptor sites in isolated olfactory cilia. The results are discussed in terms of their relevance to olfactory transduction.

Key Words

olfactory transduction olfactory neurons calcium fura-2 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Diego Restrepo
    • 1
  • Ardithanne G. Boyle
    • 2
  1. 1.Monell Chemical Senses CenterPhiladelphia
  2. 2.Veterans Administration Medical CenterPhiladelphia

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