Environmental Management

, Volume 13, Issue 6, pp 729–742 | Cite as

Lake management techniques in Florida, USA: Costs and water quality effects

  • Forrest E. Dierberg
  • Vincent P. Williams


Economic evaluations of restored or enhanced lakes in Florida indicated gravity drawdown was the least expensive action, whereas effluent diversion was 10,000 times more costly on a per hectare basis, with the other lake treatment costs occurring in the following order: gravity drawdown < grass carp introduction < mechanical drawdown < aeration < stormwater control = drawdown-dredging < effluent diversion. Within a particular treatment category, the costs spanned approximately one and one half orders of magnitude. Contrary to the abundant cost data, which permitted an economic analysis, inappropriate statistical design and lack of commitment toward sampling Florida's restored lakes undermines attempts to understand long-term water quality responses to various enhancement techniques. Using Lake Tohopekaliga as a case study, ordinary statistical tests produced contradictory and unreliable interpretations on the effectiveness of drawdown and phosphorus removal at sewage treatment plants in improving the trophic state index. This emphasizes the need for more robust statistical approaches and more detailed data collection in evaluating lake restoration activities It is unfortunate for Florida's lake restoration program that quantitative conclusions based on inferential statistics, replete with tests of assumptions, is limited to very few lakes

Key words

Trophic state indices Hierarchical model Lake restoration Cost evaluation Intervention analysis Time series 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Forrest E. Dierberg
    • 1
  • Vincent P. Williams
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Environmental EngineeringFlorida Institute of TechnologyMelbourneUSA
  2. 2.Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish CommissionKissimmeeUSA

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