Environmental Management

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 109–115 | Cite as

Role of inlets in geomorphic evolution of the south shore barriers of Long Island, New York, USA

  • Stephen P. Leatherman


A study of historical storm-induced changes along the south shore barriers of Long Island (Fire Island Inlet to Southampton), New York, USA, was undertaken in an effort to determine the relative roles of different transport processes in barrier migration. Inlets were found to have a profound effect on the barrier system, largely controlling its landward migration, based upon maps, charts, and aerial photographs from the seventeenth century to the present. Salt marshes became established principally on the broad intertidal bay shoals left by a closed or slowly migrating inlet. Inlets along this microtidal coast are now stabilized by jetties, which may have a negative effect on long-term barrier-island migration.

Key words

Inlets Barrier islands Barrier migration 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen P. Leatherman
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Coastal Research and Department of GeographyUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA

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