Pollution performance of firms from pulp and paper industries
- 82 Downloads
The water pollution emissions by 13 of the largest pulp and paper companies, developed on the basis of monthly reports filed with the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) by these companies, indicate a wide disparity in the amount of pollution discharged by them into the nation's waterways. Furthermore, the net discharge of pollution in waterways by all firms is positive, which indicates that all the firms in the study pollute the nation's waterways to some degree. Information presented in this study will be useful for public issues, such as evaluating the effectiveness of the Clean Water Act, government's water pollution policy and abatement strategy, and management's effectiveness in abating water pollution.
Key wordsComputer pollution policies Pulp and paper industries Water pollution index Water pollution data base Comparative pollution performance
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Allan, L., E. Kaufman, and J. Underwood. 1972. Paper profits. Council on Economic Priorities, Cambridge, Massachusetts.Google Scholar
- Bragdon, J. H., and J. T. Marlin. 1972. Pollution and profitability: the case of the pulp and paper industry.Risk Management (April):9–18.Google Scholar
- Cannon, J. 1974. Environmental steel. Council on Economic Economic Priorities, New York.Google Scholar
- Council on Economic Priorities. 1977. Environmental steel/ update. Newsletter, 7 December 1977.Google Scholar
- Environmental Protection Agency. 1976. Development document for effluent limitation guidelines (BPCTA) for the bleached kraft. Sulfite, soda, de-ink, and non-integrated paper plants segment of the pulp, paper, and paperboard point source category. US EPA, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
- McDuffie, B., and J. T. Haney. 1973. A proposed river pollution index. Paper presented in the spring 1973 meeting of ACS, Division of Water, Air and Waste.Google Scholar
- Shane, P., and B. Spicer. 1983. Market response to environmental information produced outside the firm.Accounting Review 58:521–538.Google Scholar
- Spicer, B. 1978. Investors' corporate social performance and information disclosure: an empirical study.Accounting Review 53:94–111.Google Scholar
- Ullmann, A. A. 1985. Data in search of a theory.Academy of Management Review 10:540–557.Google Scholar