Sampling data are provided and concepts discussed regarding soil and foliage arthropod communities in conventional and no-tillage soybean agroecosystems Soil arthropod communities from the two cropping systems were also compared with that from an adjacent old field.
Biweekly arthropod samples were collected from conventional, no-tillage, and old-field systems Soil arthropods were sampled by quadrat and pitfall trap methods, foliage arthropods were collected by sweep net Quadrat sampling revealed that ground beetle number, species diversity, and biomass were significantly higher (P<0.05) in no-tillage than in conventional tillage systems. Pitfall trap data indicated higher densities and species diversity for most major soil macro-arthropod guilds Foliage arthropod guilds from no-tillage treatments showed higher species diversity throughout the growing season than those of conventional tillage, possibly because of greater structural diversity provided by weeds and litter in notillage systems
No-tillage systems supported a larger and more diverse arthropod community than conventionally grown soybeans, suggesting a need for pest management strategies that simultaneously consider many variables. Both foliar grazing and leaf nitrogen content were higher in conventional than in no-tillage systems, indicating a possible causal connection between soil tillage and insect herbivory rates
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
All, J. N., and R. N. Gallaher. 1977. Detrimental impact of no-tillage corn cropping systems involving insecticides, hybrids, and irrigation on lesser cornstalk borer infestations.J. Econ. Entomol. 70:361–365.
All, J. N., R. N. Gallaher, and M. D. Jellum. 1979. Influence of planting date, preplanting weed control, irrigation, and conservation tillage practices on efficacy of planting time insecticide applications for control of lesser cornstalk borer in field corn.J. Econ. Entomol. 72:265–268.
Altieri, M. A., and W. H. Whitcomb. 1980. Weed manipulation for insect pest management in corn.Environ. Manage. 4:483–489.
Blumberg, A. Y., and D. A. Crossley, Jr. 1982. Comparison of soil surface arthropod populations in conventional tillage, no-tillage and old-field systems.Agro-Ecosystems (In press).
Cheshire, J. M., and J. N. All. 1979. Feeding behavior of lesser cornstalk borer larvae in simulations of no-tillage, mulched conventional tillage, and conventional tillage corn cropping systems.Environ. Entomol. 8:261–264.
Crossley, D. A., Jr. 1977. The roles of terrestrial saprophagus arthropods in forest soils: current status of concepts. Pages 49–56in W. J. Mattson, ed. The role of arthropods in forest ecosystems. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.
Gregory, W. W. 1974. No-tillage corn insect pests of Kentucky. A five year study. Pages 46–58in Volume I of the Proceedings of the National No-Tillage Research Conference, Lexington, KY.
Gregory, W. W., and G. J. Musick. 1976. Insect management in reduced tillage systems.Bull. Entomol. Soc. Am. 22:302–304.
Harrison, F. P., R. A. Bean, and O. J. Qawiyy. 1980. No-till culture of sweet corn in Maryland with reference to insect pests.J. Econ. Entomol. 73:363–365.
House, G. J., and J. N. All. 1981. Carabid beetles in soybean agroecosystems.Environ. Entomol. 10:194–196.
Kogan, M., and D. C. Herzog (eds.) 1980. Sampling methods in soybean entomology. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY. 587 pp.
Kogan, M., and H. N. Pitre, Jr. 1980. General sampling methods for above-ground populations of soybean arthropods. Pages 30–60in Sampling methods in soybean entomology. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.
Mattson, W. J., Jr. 1980. Herbivory in relation to plant nitrogen content.Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 11:119–161.
Mattson, W. J., and N. D. Addy. 1975. Phytophagous insects as regulators of forest primary production.Science 190:515–522.
Murdoch, W. W., F. C. Evans, and C. H. Peterson. 1972. Diversity and pattern in plants and insects.Ecol. 53:819–829.
Musick, G. J. 1970. Insect problems associated with no-till crops.Crops Soil Mag. 23:18–19.
Musick, G. J., and H. B. Petty. 1973. Insect control in conservation tillage systems. Pages 120–125in Proceedings of the National Conference on Conservation Tillage, Des Moines, Iowa. Soil Conservation Society of America, Ankeny, IA.
Musick, G. J., and P. J. Suttle. 1973. Suppression of armyworm damage to no-tillage corn with granular carbofuran.J. Econ. Entomol. 66:735–737.
McNaughton, S. J., and M. B. Coughenour. 1981. The cybernetic nature of ecosystems.Amer. Nat. 117:985–990.
Phillips, R. E., R. L. Blevins, G. W. Thomas, W. F. Frye, and S. H. Phillips. 1980. No-tillage agriculture.Science 208:1108–1114.
Price, P. W., C. E. Bouton, P. Gross, B. A. McPheron, J. N. Thompson, and A. E. Weis. 1980. Interactions among three trophic levels: influence of plants on interactions between insect herbivores and natural enemies.Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 11:41–65.
Rivers, R. L., K. S. Pike, and Z. B. Mayo. 1977. Influence of insecticides and corn tillage systems on larval control ofPhyllophaga auxia.J. Econ. Entomol. 70:794–796.
Southwood, T. R. E. 1978. Ecological methods with particular reference to the study of insect populations. 2nd ed. Chapman and Hall, New York, NY. 524 pp.
Stinner, B. R. 1981. Nutrient budgets and internal cycling of N, P, K, Ca and Mg in conventional, no-tillage and old-field systems on the Georgia Piedmont. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Georgia, Athens, GA. 86 pp.
Touchton, J. T. 1980. Soil fertility management for grain sorghum production. Pages 4–12in Proceedings of the Sorghum Short Course, January 1980. R. Duncan, ed. University of Georgia Expt. Sta. Publ. No. 6.
US Department of Agriculture, Office of Planning and Evaluation. 1975. Minimum tillage: A preliminary technology assessment. Part II of a report for the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry, United States Senate. US Government Printing Office, Publ. No. 57-389, Washington, DC.
van Emden, H. F., and G. C. Williams. 1974. Insect stability and diversity in agroecosystems.Ann. Rev. Entomol. 19:455–475.
Rights and permissions
About this article
Cite this article
House, G.J., Stinner, B.R. Arthropods in no-tillage soybean agroecosystems: Community composition and ecosystem interactions. Environmental Management 7, 23–28 (1983). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01867037
- Foliage arthropods
- Soil arthropods
- Crop management systems