Utilization of environmental knowledge for watershed management in Northern Michigan
- 42 Downloads
The Northern Michigan Environmental Research Program was conducted by the University of Michigan's Biological Station and Institute for Social Research to obtain information about the aquatic and human resources of water-rich, resort-oriented northern lower Michigan. Results of the study were directed toward long-term environmental management. Multiple methods were used to communicate study results, including self-contained information briefs, regular contacts and seminars with community leaders and public officials, and mass media. Selected illustrations of project data applied to environmental management problems are cited, e.g., curtailment of nutrient loadings, wetlands protection, improved effectiveness of riparian organizations, and highway planning. A series of shortLakeland Reports, designed to present factual information, general environmental principles, and action implications to a lay audience, proved to be effective. However, it became apparent that environmental decisions were not strongly affected by reports alone. Instead, several mutually reinforcing channels of communication must be employed to develop a climate of receptiveness and understanding to insure environmentally sound decisions.
Key wordsWater quality Lake Management Planning Watershed Management
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Caplan, N., A. Morrison, and R.J. Stambaugh. 1975. The Use of Social Science Knowledge in Policy Decisions at the National Level. CRUSK, Institute for Social Research, Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 63 pp.Google Scholar
- Caplan, N., and R. Rich. 1976. “Institutional Insularity and Bureaucratization: The Process and Consequence of Information Policy at the National Level.” Paper Delivered at OECD Conference on Dissemination of Economic and Social Development Research Results, Bogotá, Colombia, June.Google Scholar
- Foster, W.L. 1976. Natural Features of the Inland Water Route of Northern Lower Michigan. Univ. of Michigan Biological Station, Pellston, February, 33 pp.Google Scholar
- Foster, W.L. 1977. Profile of the Land: Natural Features of the Inland Water Route Region of Northern Lower Michigan (rev. ed.). Univ. of Michigan Biological Station, Pellston, November, 29 pp.Google Scholar
- Fulton, J.K., and E.W. Say. 1971. Inland Lakes: Analysis and Action. Huron River Watershed Council (also Extension Bulletin E-718, Cooperative Extension Service, Michigan State University), Ann Arbor, 40 pp.Google Scholar
- Gannon, J.E., and D.J. Mazur. 1976. Sources of Nutrients (Phosphorus and Nitrogen) for Crooked Lake, Emmet County, Michigan, 1975–76. Special Report to Fish Division, Michigan Department of Natural Resources. Univ. of Michigan Biological Station, Pellston, June 8, 14 pp.Google Scholar
- Pelz, D.C. 1977. Utilization of Environmental Knowledge on Northern Michigan. CRUSK, Institute for Social Research, Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 174 pp.Google Scholar
- Rich, R.F. 1977. Uses of social science information by federal bureaucrats: Knowledge for action versus knowledge for understanding.In C.H. Weiss (ed.), Using Social Research in Public Policy Making. Lexington Books, Lexington, Mass.: pp. 199–211.Google Scholar
- Rich, R.F., and N. Caplan. 1976. “Instrumental and Conceptual Uses of Social Science Knowledge and Perspectives: Means/Ends Matching Versus Understanding.” Paper Delivered at OECD Conference on Dissemination of Economic and Social Development Research Results, Bogotá, Colombia, June.Google Scholar
- Say, W.E., M.W. Paddock, J.E. Gannon, and W.L. Foster. 1975. Inland Lake Protection in Northern Michigan. Univ. of Michigan Biological Station, Pellston, September, 40 pp.Google Scholar