Environmental Management

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 217–229 | Cite as

Urban waterfowl population: Ecological evaluation of management and planning

  • David M. Greer


An urban population of ducks in Puyallup, Washington, USA was studied for 14 consecutive months beginning in November 1978. Observations were made weekly from four study sites where ducks would congregate at early morning hours. Factors contributing to the presence of waterfowl in Puyallyup included abundant food supplies and a creek corridor that connected fragmented habitats in the urban area to the larger rural populations of waterfowl. Mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) were the most abundant of the 13 species observed and were the only ducks remaining during the nesting season. Habitat size and complexity were important factors influencing the species diversity of a particular site. Nesting success of mallards was poor due to limited distribution of nesting habitat, intraspecific aggression, and human disturbance. Both site-specific and more broad-based strategies are suggested for managing and planning for duck populations in urban areas.

Key words

Urban wildlife Waterfowl Ducks Wildlife habitat Island biogeography Ecological diversity Mallards Wigeons Puyallup Western Washington Urbanization 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • David M. Greer
    • 1
  1. 1.Program in Environmental Science and Regional PlanningWashington State UniversityPullman

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