Environmental Management

, Volume 3, Issue 6, pp 535–552 | Cite as

Multiresource simulation for wildland management

  • Dennis H. Hunter
Research
  • 27 Downloads

Abstract

The model presented here is a simulation of the watershed of the Little South Fork of the Cache la Poudre River system located in the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains of Colorado. This simulation model, TERRA, provides information of resource interactions, ecosystem processes, and harvest ramifications for this watershed. The information is generated through sets of difference equations to represent process flows. The model has a modular design that separates the ecologic processes—weather conditions, hydrologic functions, forage and timber production, wildlife and domestic population dynamics, recreation use, and management activities—from the “simulation planning overhead”—updating, plotting, and printing.

The model is designed such that the output is readily usable information for an allocation model and the decision-making process. This is accomplished by allowing different levels of specified management activities as input and producing responses and output on a per unit land area basis.

This simulation is a useful research tool for estimating parameter and variable values and levels of management-resource interaction. Lack of a pertinent field data base inhibits the model from actually being used as a management tool in the planning process.

Key words

Multiresource Simulation Model Wildlands Management Watershed Management 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature cited

  1. Alldredge, A. W., J. F. Lipscomb, and F. W. Whicker. 1974. Forage intake rates of mule deer estimated with fallout cesium-137. J. Wildlife Management 38(3):508–516.Google Scholar
  2. Anderson, A. E., and D. E. Medin. 1965. An ecological investigation of the Cache la Poudre deer herd, Colorado, population studies.In Game Research Report, Part 3, Jan. 1965. Colorado Division of Wildlife, pp. 405–428.Google Scholar
  3. Anderson, A. E., and D. E. Medin. 1966. An ecological investigation of the Cache la Poudre deer herd, Colorado, population studies.In Game Research Report, Part 4, Jan. 1966. Colorado Division of Wildlife, Fort Collins, Colorado. pp. 225–308.Google Scholar
  4. Bledsoe, L. J., and G. M. Van Dyne. 1971. A compartmental model simulation of secondary succession,in Systems analysis and simulation in ecology, Vol. I. B. C. Patton, ed. Academic Press, Inc., New York. pp. 479–511.Google Scholar
  5. Byers, H. R. 1959. General meterology. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York. 540 p.Google Scholar
  6. Calhoun, A. (ed.) 1966. Inland fisheries management. State of California, Resources Agency, Dept. of Fish and Game. Sacramento, Calif. 546 p.Google Scholar
  7. Colorado Division of Wildlife. 1974. Colorado big game harvest. Denver, Colorado. 173 p.Google Scholar
  8. Conner, D. J., L. F. Brown, and M. J. Trlica. 1974. Plant cover, light interception, and photosynthesis of shortgrass prairie: A functional model. Photosynthetica 8(1):18–27.Google Scholar
  9. Drummond, R. A. 1965. Reproduction and harvest of cutthroat trout at Trappers Lake, Colorado. M.S. Thesis, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado. 68 p.Google Scholar
  10. Forrester, J. W. 1968. Principles of systems. Wright-Allen Press, Inc., Cambridge, Mass. 383 p.Google Scholar
  11. Frank, E. C., and R. Lee. 1966. Potential solar beam irradiation on slopes. Tables for 30∘ to 50∘ latitude. U.S. Forest Service Research Paper RM-18, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experimental Station, Fort Collins, Colorado. 116 p.Google Scholar
  12. Garratt, M. 1975. Statistical techniques for validating computer simulation models. TR No. 286, USIBP, Natural Resources Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado. 68 p.Google Scholar
  13. Gilbert, B. J. 1975. RANGES: grassland simulation model. Range Science Series No. 17, Range Sci. Dept., Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado. 119 p.Google Scholar
  14. Gill, L. S., and F. G. Hawksworth. 1964. Dwarf mistletoe of lodgepole pine. USDA Forest Service Forest Pest Leaflet 18, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experimental Station, Fort Collins, Colorado. 7 p.Google Scholar
  15. Gordon, G. 1969. System simulation. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, N.J. 303 p.Google Scholar
  16. Hamon, W. R. 1961. Estimating potential evapotranspiration. Am. Soc. Civil Engineers, J. Hydraulics Research Div., 87 (HY3):107–120.Google Scholar
  17. Hawksworth, F. G., and T. E. Hinds. 1964. Effects of dwarf mistletoe on immature lodgepole pine stands in Colorado. J. Forestry 62:27–32.Google Scholar
  18. Jameson, D. A. 1967. The relationship of tree overstory and herbaceous understory vegetation. J. Range Management 20:247–249.Google Scholar
  19. Johnson, K. L., and others. 1962. Watershed analysis of the Little South Fork of the Cache la Poudre River, Larimer County, Colorado. Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado. 120 p.Google Scholar
  20. Klein, W. D. 1974. Special regulations and elimination of stocking: Influence on fishermen and the trout population at the Cache la Poudre River, Colorado. Colorado Division of Wildlife Tech. Publ. No. 30. Fort Collins, Colorado. 57 p.Google Scholar
  21. Leaf, C. F., and G. E. Brink. 1973. Hydrologic simulation model of Colorado subalpine forest. U.S. Forest Service Research Paper RM-107, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experimental Station, Fort Collins, Colorado. 23 p.Google Scholar
  22. Leaf, C. F., and G. E. Brink. 1975. Land use simulation model of the subalpine coniferous forest zone. U.S. Forest Service Research Paper RM-135, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experimental Station, Fort Collins, Colorado. 42 p.Google Scholar
  23. Loveless, C. M. 1967. Ecological characteristics of a mule deer winter range. Colorado Game, Fish and Parks Dept., Tech. Publ. No. 20. 124 p.Google Scholar
  24. Marshall, T. L. 1973. Trout populations, angler harvest, and value of stocked and unstocked fisheries of the Cache la Poudre River, Colorado. Ph.D. Dissertation, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado. 91 p.Google Scholar
  25. Meiman, J. R., and G. Leavesley. 1974. Little South Poudre watershed: Climate and hydrology 1961–1971: Synopsis. College of Forestry and Natural Resources, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado. 22 p.Google Scholar
  26. Mercer, J. W. 1966. Inorganic water quality of the Little South Poudre with a section on the precambrian petrology of the Upper Fall Creek Area. M.S. Thesis, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado. 70 p.Google Scholar
  27. Meyers, A.E. 1968. Mountain water pollution from road construction and wildfire. M.S. Thesis, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado. 70 p.Google Scholar
  28. Meyers, C. A. 1971 Simulating yields of managed dwarf mistletoe-infested lodgepole pine stands. USDA Forest Service Research Paper RM-72, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experimental Station, Fort Collins, Colorado. 15 p.Google Scholar
  29. Meyers, C. A. 1972. Simulating yields of southwestern ponderosa pine stands, including effects of dwarf mistletoe. USDA Forest Service Research Pap. RM-87, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experimental Station, Fort Collins, Colorado. 16 p.Google Scholar
  30. Meyers, C. A., F. G. Hawksworth, and J. R. Stewart. 1971. Simulating yields of managed dwarf mistletoe-infested lodgepole pine stands. USDA Forest Service Research Paper RM-72, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experimental Station, Fort Collins, Colorado. 15 p.Google Scholar
  31. Miller, W. H. 1966. Distribution, abundance, and growth of the fishes of Little Beaver Creek, Colorado. M.S. Thesis, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Coloardo. 62 p.Google Scholar
  32. Peters, J. C. 1971. Effects of sediment control on fish populations. Ph.D. Dissertation, Colorado State Univeristy, Fort Collins, Colorado. 86 p.Google Scholar
  33. Siglin, R. J. 1965. Seasonal movements of mule deer in the Cache la Poudre drainage. M.S. Thesis, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado. 71 p.Google Scholar
  34. Startwell, C., and R. E. Stevens. 1975. Mountain pine beetle in ponderosa pine: Prospects for silvicultural control in second growth stands. J. Forestry 73(3):136–140.Google Scholar
  35. Stevens, R. E., C. A. Meyers, W. F. McCambridge, G. L. Downing, and J. G. Laut. 1975. Mountain pine beetle in Front Range ponderosa pine: what it's doing and how to control it. USDA Forest Service General Tech. Rept. RM-7, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experimental Station, Fort Collins, Colorado. 3 p.Google Scholar
  36. Stoddart, L. A., and A. P. Smith. 1955 Range management. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York. 114 p.Google Scholar
  37. USDA Forest Service. 1972. National Forest fire report. 50 p.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dennis H. Hunter
    • 1
  1. 1.Range Science DepartmentColorado State UniversityFort Collins

Personalised recommendations