Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 73–85 | Cite as

Development of an inventory for dizziness and related factors

  • Richard L. Hazlett
  • Ronald J. Tusa
  • H. Richard Waranch


Dizziness is an extremely common complaint of patients, yet often goes unexplained after medical evaluation, which can lead to inappropriate treatment. There is a lack of psychometrically sound self-report instruments that measure dizziness and related factors. This study describes the application of factor analytic procedures with 184 dizzy patients' responses to develop the Dizzy Factor Inventory (DFI), a 44-item inventory divided into three sections and modeled after the Multidimensional Pain Inventory. The first section consists of symptom factors, the second concerns responses of significant others to the dizzy patient, and the third section assesses activity level. This inventory groups symptoms into empirically distinct factors that could be related in clinical and research applications to physiological and psychological processes, and could be useful for treatment planning and measuring treatment progress. Factors derived with dizzy patients are compared to factors found with chronic pain patients.

Key Words

dizziness imbalance factor analysis assessment psychological factors 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard L. Hazlett
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ronald J. Tusa
    • 1
    • 2
  • H. Richard Waranch
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesJohns Hopkins University Medical Institutions, Meyer 144Baltimore
  2. 2.Departments of Neurology and OtolaryngologyJohns Hopkins University Medical InstitutesBaltimore

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