, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 181–194 | Cite as

Changes in the social structure of two groups of stumptail macaques (Macaca arctoides)

  • Ramon J. Rhine


Two previously studied groups of stumptail macaques were restudied to investigate stabilities and instabilities within group structures. Frequency data for nonsocial and dyad behaviors were collected. While there was considerable group stability, several important changes occurred. The most noteworthy group changes were in grooming and playing. Individual changes centered upon females. The first and fourth ranking females of one group switched dominance positions. The roots of this reversal were minimally reflected by aggressive and submissive interactions, and more fully exposed by quiet association patterns such as grooming, huddling, and sitting together. Increased frequencies of huddling, touching, and approaching indicated that the lowest ranking female of each group moved closer to other group members. There was no hint of this change in agonistic interactions.


Social Structure Group Structure Animal Ecology Important Change Group Change 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bernstein, I. S. &W. A. Draper, 1964. The behavior of juvenile rhesus monkeys in groups.Animal Behav. 12: 84–91.Google Scholar
  2. Bertrand, M., 1969.The Behavioral Repertoire of the Stumptail Macaque. Biblioth. Primat., No. 11, pp. 273.Google Scholar
  3. Blurton Jones, N. G. &J. Trollope, 1968. Social behavior of stump-tailed macaques in captivity.Primates 9: 365–394.Google Scholar
  4. Davis, R. T., R. W. Leary, M. Dell Casebeer Smith, &R. E. Thompson, 1968. Species differences in gross behavior of nonhuman primates.Behavior 31: 326–338.Google Scholar
  5. Hawkes, P. N., 1969. Group formation in four species of macaque.Am. J. phys. Anthrop. 31: 261 (Abstract).Google Scholar
  6. Kawai, M., 1965a. On the social system of ranks in a natural troop of Japanese monkeys, (I) basic rank and dependent rank. In:Japanese Monkeys, S. A. Altmann (ed.), published by the editor, pp. 66–86.Google Scholar
  7. --, 1965b. On the social system of ranks in Japanese monkeys, (II) ranking order as observed among the monkeys on or near the test box. In:Japanese Monkeys, S. A. Altmann (ed.), published by the editor, pp. 87–104.Google Scholar
  8. Kawamura, S., 1965. Matriarchal social ranks in the Minoo-B troop: A study of the rank system of Japanese monkeys. In:Japanese Monkeys, S. A. Altmann (ed.), Published by the editor, pp. 105–112.Google Scholar
  9. Kling, A. &J. Orbach, 1963. The stumptailed macaque: A promising laboratory primate.Science 139: 45–46.Google Scholar
  10. Koford, C. B., 1963. Rank of mothers and sons in bands of rhesus monkeys.Science 141: 356–357.Google Scholar
  11. Oakes, E. R., 1967. The determinants of social status in a colony of femaleMacaca speciosa. (Doctoral dissertation, University of Oklahoma) Ann Arbor, Michigan: University Microfilms. No. 67-12, 320.Google Scholar
  12. Orbach, J. &A. Kling, 1963. The stumptailed macaque: A docile asiatic monkey.Anim. Behav. 11: 343–347.Google Scholar
  13. Rhine, R. J. &C. Kronenwetter, 1972. Interaction patterns of two newly formed groups of stumptail macaques (Macaca arctoides).Primates 13: 19–33.Google Scholar
  14. Sade, D. S., 1967. Determinants of dominance in a group of free-ranging rhesus monkeys. In:Social Communication among Primates, S. A. Altmann (ed.), University of Chicago Press, pp. 99–114.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Japan Monkey Centre 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ramon J. Rhine
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of CaliforniaRiversideUSA

Personalised recommendations