Veterinary Research Communications

, Volume 18, Issue 3, pp 217–224 | Cite as

Preliminary observations on the effects of Meloxicam in a new model for acute intra-articular inflammation in dogs

  • H. van Bree
  • C. Justus
  • J. F. Quirke


The effects of intra-articular injection, on two occasions, 3 weeks apart, of the contrast agent Urografin on the cytological and biochemical characteristics of synovial fluid (SF) were examined in two studies in dogs. The first study provided baseline data in two non-medicated dogs. The second study used a cross-over design whereby 4 dogs received a 7-day oral treatment with either a placebo or meloxicam (0.2 mg/kg body weight daily) with a washout period of 3 weeks, in order to determine the effect of this new non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) on the response to Urografin injection. SF samples were collected under general anaesthesia prior to and at 24 and 72 h after each Urografin injection. The volume, relative viscosity, white blood cell count and concentrations of protein, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and hyaluronic acid of these samples were determined.

The results from both studies indicate that intra-articular injection of Urografin provoked a mild local transient inflammatory response, the most dramatic evidence of which was an increase in the white blood cell count in the SF after 24 h. In the second study, comparison of the synovial fluid measurements of the placebo-treated dogs at 24 h after Urografin injection with those prior to injection revealed significant increases in SF volume, white blood cell count, protein concentration and LDH activity and a significant reduction in relative viscosity. At 72 h after injection, only the white blood cell count and relative viscosity were significantly different from the pre-injection values. All of these measurements were, however, associated with high coefficients of variation, which must be taken into account in assessing the usefulness of the model for drug-testing purposes. Nevertheless, the administration of meloxicam significantly reduced the SF volume and white blood cell count at 24 h relative to the effects of concurrent placebo treatment. The general health status of the animals was not disturbed at any time as assessed by clinical and haematological observations. No adverse reactions were observed.


arthritis contrast medium dog inflammation meloxicam model NSAID synovial fluid 



lactate dehydrogenase


non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug


synovial fluid


white blood cell count


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers bv 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. van Bree
    • 1
  • C. Justus
    • 2
  • J. F. Quirke
    • 2
  1. 1.The Clinic for Small AnimalsUniversity of GentGentBelgium
  2. 2.Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica GmbH Int.Ingelheim am RheinGermany

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