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Veterinary Research Communications

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 251–260 | Cite as

Studies on the relationship between sway disease of bactrian camels and copper status in Gansu province

  • Liu Zong-Ping
  • Ma Zhuo
  • Zhang You-Jia
Biochemistry

Abstract

The clinical signs of camel sway disease in the Hexi Corridor of Gansu province were defined. The contents of eight minerals in soils, in forage and in the blood and hair of bactrian camels from this region were determined. The related blood indices were also measured. The concentration of molybdenum in soils and forage was 4.8±0.02 and 4.8±0.25 µg/g (dry matter), respectively, the copper to molybdenum ratio in the forage being only 1.3. The concentration of copper in blood and hair from the camels was 0.28±0.17 µg/ml and 3.50±1.00 µg/g, respectively. There was a hypochromic microcytic anaemia and a low level of ceruloplasmin in the blood. It is therefore suggested that sway disease of bactrian camels in this region is caused by secondary copper deficiency, mainly due to the high molybdenum content in soils and forage. The copper deficiency in the camels was aggravated during reproduction. Oral administration of copper sulphate can prevent and cure the disease.

Keywords

bactrian camel copper molybdenum sway disease 

Abbreviations

AKP

alkaline phosphatase

BUN

blood urea nitrogen

Chol

cholesterol

Cp

ceruloplasmin

Crt

creatinine

DM

dry matter

γ-GGT

γ-glutamyltransferase

Hb

haemoglobin concentration

LDH

lactate dehydrogenase

MCH

mean corpuscular haemoglobin content

MCHC

mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration

MCV

mean corpuscular volume

PCV

packed cell volume

RBC

red blood cell count

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers bv 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liu Zong-Ping
    • 1
  • Ma Zhuo
    • 1
  • Zhang You-Jia
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Veterinary MedicineGansu Agricultural UniversityLanzhouPeople's Republic of China

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