Effects of chlomipramine and fluoxetine on subcutaneous carrageenin-induced inflammation in the rat
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We have previously shown that, after acute administration, antidepressant drugs exert anti-inflammatory actions in rats. In this study we evaluated the effects of 3 different doses of chlomipramine (10, 20, and 40 mg/kg i.p), and fluoxetine (5.0, 10, and 20 mg/kg i.p.) on subcutaneous carrageenin-induced inflammation. Both drugs dose-dependently reduced the inflammatory exudate, as well as the PGE2-like bio- and immuno-activity in the exudate. Chlomipramine dose-dependently reduced substance P concentrations in the exudate, whereas fluoxetine was effective only at the highest dose. Our results confirm that antidepressant drugs are able to reduce the development of inflammation in the rat and suggest that the inhibition of substance P production might play a role in mediating the anti-inflammatory effects of chlomipramine.
Key wordsChlomipramine Fluoxetine Edema Prostaglandins Substance P
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