Incidence of urethral tumor involvement in 910 men with bladder cancer
Urethral tumor involvement was examined in 910 patients treated for bladder cancer at a single institution over a period of 25 years. The overall incidence in 2,052 primary and recurrent bladder-tumor events was 6.1%. Risk factors for urethral tumor occurrence are tumors at the bladder neck and recurrent multifocal tumors. Carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the bladder not involving the bladder neck and muscle-invasive tumors with or without lymph-node involvement are not significantly correlated with urethral cancer. Patients at risk for urethral tumors as outlined should be worked up very carefully (multiple urethral biopsies and/or urethral brushings, frozen section of the membranous urethra) before they are considered for an orthotopic neobladder. Altogether, 17 of 89 patients had 1–6 urethral tumor recurrences. The majority of urethral tumors were treated with a single conservative treatment session and did not recur thereafter. A conservative approach toward superficial urethral tumor recurrences in patients with an orthotopic neobladder to the urethra may therefore be feasible.
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