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Applied Physics B

, Volume 63, Issue 3, pp 307–310 | Cite as

Optical probing of laser-induced shock waves in air

  • A. M. Azzeer
  • A. S. Al-Dwayyan
  • M. S. Al-Salhi
  • A. M. Kamal
  • M. A. Harith
Invited Paper

Abstract

Shock Waves (SW) were produced in air by focusing the (0.25 J, 6 ns) second-harmonic (λ = 532 nm) Nd : YAG laser light into a stainless-steel cylindrical cell at a pressure from 200 to 760 Torr. The laser fluence at the focal point is > 5 GW/cm2. The spatial variation and consequently the time evolution of the radial propagation velocityU of the generated shock waves were measured via a simple optical system utilizing a HeNe laser beam triply intersecting the propagating shock wave at three successive positions. Using a reflector, we were able to probe the traveling SW in six consecutive positions during its round trip. Good agreement was obtained between the experimental results and the predictions of the point strong explosion theory. It is shown that this method is simple with a fairly good precision. It therefore appears to be useful for the determination of the SW dynamic parameters, namely its Mach number, the pressure at the SW front, the thickness of the compressed air layer and the energy consumed in producing this layer.

PACS

7.60 42.80 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. Azzeer
    • 1
  • A. S. Al-Dwayyan
    • 1
  • M. S. Al-Salhi
    • 1
  • A. M. Kamal
    • 1
  • M. A. Harith
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physics, College of ScienceKing Saud UniversityRiyadhKingdom of Saudi Arabia

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