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Clinical & Experimental Metastasis

, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp 345–359 | Cite as

Therapeutic efficacy of two different cytostatic-linked phosphonates in combination with razoxane in the transplantable osteosarcoma of the rat

  • T. Klenner
  • F. Wingen
  • B. Keppler
  • P. Valenzuela-Paz
  • F. Amelung
  • D. Schmähl
Article

Abstract

Two new compounds, 4-[4-[bis-(2-chloroethyl)-amino-]phenyl]-1-hydroxybutane-1,1-bisphosphonic acid (BAD) and aminotris-(methylenephosphonato)diamminoplatinum(ii) (ADP) that both have cytostatic and osteotropic properties, have shown good therapeutic efficacy against an osteosarcoma which metastasizes and kills by lung metastases. We therefore combined each of these drugs with the antimetastatic agent razoxane. Razoxane (20 mg/kg i.p., 5 days/week for 6 weeks) was administered in combination with either BAD (30 mg/kg i.p.) or ADP (37·5 mg/kg i.v.) twice weekly for 3 weeks. Tumour volumes, body weight, survival time and occurrence of metastases were recorded, in addition to the measurement of the metastasis area compared to the total lung area in serial histological lung samples. In both experiments, razoxane effected a significant increase in life span while being ineffective in tumour inhibition. Razoxane in combination with BAD displayed an enhanced anticancer activity which was not significant. ADP had a good antineoplastic activity and a large increase in survival time (144 per cent I LS). Razoxane used in combination with ADP did not influence antitumour efficacy. Median survivals of both ADP-treated groups were significantly longer than the razoxane-treated group. Analysis of the lung metastasis area showed a maximum of 57 per cent for the controls while all treated groups occupied a lesser area. The lowest metastases area was found with the combination treatment BAD + RAZ (18 per cent). This was considered an antimetastatic effect, while ADP treatment effected a time delay only. No change in metastatic pattern was observed in any of the treatment groups. Histological examination showed no effect on the capillaries in the proliferating region of the tumours that could account for the lower occurrence of metastases.

Keywords

Osteosarcoma Lung Metastasis Phosphonates Lung Area Metastatic Pattern 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Taylor & Francis Ltd. 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Klenner
    • 1
  • F. Wingen
    • 1
  • B. Keppler
    • 2
  • P. Valenzuela-Paz
    • 1
  • F. Amelung
    • 3
  • D. Schmähl
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Toxicology and ChemotherapyGerman Cancer Research CenterHeidelbergF.R.G.
  2. 2.Institute of Inorganic ChemistryUniversity of HeidelbergHeidelbergF.R.G.
  3. 3.Institute of Experimental PathologyGerman Cancer Research CenterHeidelbergF.R.G.

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