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Acta Neurochirurgica

, Volume 43, Issue 1–2, pp 13–17 | Cite as

Pitfalls in the diagnosis of arrested hydrocephalus

  • H. E. James
  • L. Schut
Article

Summary

Arrested hydrocephalus probably results from improvement of CSF circulation during growth. Although a generally accepted condition, its mode of onset, its presence in a given patient, and time required to establish the absence of progressive hydrocephalus have not been defined. Five patients are presented with ostensibly arrested hydrocephalus due to: aqueductal stenosis, communicating hydrocephalus, and Dandy-Walker malformation. In a period ranging from 4 to 13 years, they presented clinical signs of decompensation with intracranial hypertension. One had never had a shunt procedure. Another two were performing well in school until they suddenly deteriorated. The diagnosis of arrested hydrocephalus requires close follow-up well into adolescence, with periodic neurological and psychomotor evaluations. Sequential observation of the ventricular size with computed tomography (CT) is recommended.

Keywords

Public Health Compute Tomography Hypertension Clinical Sign Hydrocephalus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. E. James
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • L. Schut
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.University Hospital, Division of NeurosurgeryUniversity of California Medical CentreUSA
  2. 2.The Children's Hospital of PhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.University of PennsylvaniaUSA

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