Acta Neurochirurgica

, Volume 55, Issue 3–4, pp 181–200 | Cite as

The utilization of native glioma antigens in the assessment of cellular and humoral immune responses in malignant glioma patients

  • M. L. J. Apuzzo
  • K. M. A. Sheikh
  • M. H. Weiss
  • J. S. Heiden
  • T. Kurze
Article

Summary

Cellular and humoral components of the immune response have been studied preoperatively, concurrently, and serially in patients with malignant glial neoplasms.

In order to assess titres of circulating antibodies to tumour cell constituents an indirect immunofluorescent technique was applied to single cell suspensions and snap frozen cell smears. In an allogeneic system, 49% of 47 test and 7% of 124 control sera gave a positive response to cytoplasmic components.

The leucocyte adherence inhibition assay was applied to study 39 test and 64 control patients. Significant non-adherence of leukocytes was observed in 77% of test cases. Control parameters indicated specificity of the response.

Simultaneous assessment in 28 test patients yielded a positive response for one or both assays in 89% of cases.

Keywords

Malignant Glioma Single Cell Suspension Glioma Patient Glial Neoplasm Control Seron 

Table of abbreviations

PBL

Peripheral Blood Leucocytes

LAI

Leucocyte Adherence Inhibition

NAL

Non-Adherence of Leucocytes

IIF

Indirect Immunofluorescence

KCL

Potassium Chloride

PBS

Phosphate Buffered Saline

MEM

Minimal Essential Medium

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. L. J. Apuzzo
    • 1
  • K. M. A. Sheikh
    • 1
  • M. H. Weiss
    • 1
  • J. S. Heiden
    • 1
  • T. Kurze
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Division of Neurological SurgeryLos Angeles County/University of Southern California Medical CenterLos AngelesUSA

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