Origins of life and evolution of the biosphere

, Volume 21, Issue 5–6, pp 407–420 | Cite as

Terrestrial and extraterrestrial sources of molecular homochirality

  • William A. Bonner
Article

Abstract

The unique chirality of biomolecules is reviewed, and the prebiotic requirement for the absolute chiral homogeneity of such molecules prior to their capability of self-replication is emphasized. Biotic and abiotic theories embracing both chance and determinate mechanisms which have been proposed for the origin of terrestrial chiral molecules are briefly summarized and evaluated, as are abiotic mechanisms for the subsequent amplification of the small enantiomeric excesses (e.e.s) in the chiral molecules which might be formed by such processes. While amplification mechanisms are readily validated experimentally and are potentially viable on the primitive Earth, it is concluded that all terrestrial mechanisms proposed for the origin of chirality have one or more limitations which make them either intrinsically invalid or highly improbable in the chaotic and turbulent environment of the prebiotic Earth. To circumvent these difficulties we have proposed an extraterrestrial scenario for the production of terrestrial chirality in which circularly polarized synchrotron radiation from the neutron star remnant of a supernova interacts with the organic mantles on interstellar grains, producing chiral molecules by the partial asymmetric photolysis of racemic constituent in the mantles, after which the interstellar grains with their enantiomerically enriched mantles are transported to Earth either by direct accretion or through cometary impact. At this point one of the known terrestrial e.e. enrichment mechanisms could promote the small extraterrestrially produced e.e.s. into the state of chiral homogeneity required for self-replicating biomolecules.

Keywords

Neutron Star Enantiomeric Excess Chiral Molecule Enrich Mantle Turbulent Environment 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • William A. Bonner
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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