Origins of life and evolution of the biosphere

, Volume 19, Issue 6, pp 573–601 | Cite as

Mixed-valence hydroxides as bioorganic host minerals

  • K. Kuma
  • W. Paplawsky
  • B. Gedulin
  • G. Arrhenius


A range of naturally occurring divalent-trivalent metal cation hydroxides and modified artifical analogs have been synthesized and characterized. Structural and chemical properties of these minerals, determining their capability to selectively concentrate, order and alter molecules of prebiotic interest, include their anion exchange capacity and specificity, photochemical reactivity, production of nascent hydrogen, and catalytic efficiency. Properties relevant to these functions have been investigated and are discussed.


Hydrogen Hydroxide Organic Chemistry Geochemistry Chemical Property 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Kuma
    • 1
  • W. Paplawsky
    • 1
  • B. Gedulin
    • 1
  • G. Arrhenius
    • 1
  1. 1.Scripps Institution of OceanographyUniversity of CaliforniaSan Diego, La Jolla

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