Interchange

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 173–197 | Cite as

Faculty renewal in Canada and Ontario: No forthcoming shortage! (with particular reference to education professors)

  • Saeed Quazi
Article

Abstract

The age profile and other characteristics of the full-time professoriate in Canada and Ontario are discussed, with particular focus on the geographical source, previous activity, and age distribution of new appointments to university teaching posts. Patterns of inter-institutional mobility within the regions of Canada for junior and senior faculty are presented. Analysis includes the sources and implications of attrition and changing age profile trends. Historical data, in most cases from the 1970s onward, are presented and analyzed. The increasing use of part-time faculty is discussed, particularly in the context of diminishing federal and provincial government financial support for universities. Discussion on the future demand and supply of professors in Canada and Ontario is presented, but focuses on Faculties of Education. Some reference is made to the comparable situation in Australia, the United States, and other major industrialized countries. Despite the rapidly aging professoriate, the article concludes that there will not be an overall shortage of university teachers in the coming decade or so.

Keywords

faculty/professoriate/university teachers education faculty teachers faculty renewal faculty retirement faculty attrition faculty age distribution new faculty appointments faculty supply faculty demand inter-institutional mobility 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada. (1991). Averting faculty shortages: A discussion paper on the Canadian academic labour market in the 1990s. Ottawa: Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada.Google Scholar
  2. Australia. (n.d. [1992]).Study of the labour market for academics. Canberra: Australian Department of Employment, Education and Training.Google Scholar
  3. Bowen, H. R. & Schuster, J. H. (1986).American professors: A national resource imperiled. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Bowen, W. & Sosa, J. (1989).Prospects for faculty in the arts and sciences: A study of factors affecting demand and supply, 1987–2012. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Council of Ontario Universities. (1992).Renewal of the professorate: Report of the COU task force on faculty renewal. Toronto: Council of Ontario Universities.Google Scholar
  6. El-Khawas, E. (1994).Campus trends 1994. Washington DC: American Council on Education.Google Scholar
  7. Employment and Immigration Canada, and Statistics Canada. (1989).The class of 82 revisited. Ottawa: Employment and Immigration Canada/Statistics Canada.Google Scholar
  8. Hopkins, D.S., & Massy, W.F. (1981).Planning models for colleges and universities. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Lozier, G.G. & Doolan, M.J. (1987).Confronting faculty shortages? Paper presented at the ASHE Annual Meeting, University Park, Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
  10. Ontario Ministry of Education and Training. (1993).Key statistics 1992–93: Elementary and secondary education in Ontario. Ottawa: Ontario Ministry of Education and Training.Google Scholar
  11. Ontario Council on University Affairs. (1991).Retirement and recruitment: The Challenge of human resources planning in Ontario universities in the 1990s. Toronto: Ontario Council on University Affairs.Google Scholar
  12. Rajagopal, J., & Farr, W.D. (1991, April). Unpacking the notion of part-time faculty.University Affairs,40.Google Scholar
  13. Rajagopal, J. & Farr, W.D. (1992). Hidden academics: The part-time faculty in Canada.Higher Education,24, 317–331.Google Scholar
  14. Smith, L. (1992).Planning for faculty renewal in universities and faculties of education. Teacher Education Council, Ontario.Google Scholar
  15. Statistics Canada. (1986a).Census of Canada 1986. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.Google Scholar
  16. Statistics Canada. (1986b).Survey of 1982 Graduates. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.Google Scholar
  17. Statistics Canada. (1994, Winter).Education Quarterly Review 1(4), 75.Google Scholar
  18. Zur-Muehlen, M. von. (1978). The PhD dilemma in Canada revisited.Canadian Journal of Higher Education 8(2), 49–92.Google Scholar
  19. Zur-Muehlen, M. von (1987). Myths and realities: The fallacy of faculty shortages in the next decade.Canadian Journal of Higher Education 17(1), 13–25.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saeed Quazi
    • 1
  1. 1.Ontario Institute for Studies in EducationCanada

Personalised recommendations