Breast Cancer Research and Treatment

, Volume 37, Issue 3, pp 237–241 | Cite as

Use of hospital services by breast cancer patients by stage of the disease: implications on the costs of cancer control

  • Holli Kaija
  • Hakama Matti
  • Hakala Tapani


The use of resources for breast cancer during the first five years after diagnosis by different stages of disease was evaluated on the basis of all breast cancer patients (555) diagnosed in the Tampere University hospital district (Finland). All outpatient visits or inpatient-days of these patients in any hospital of the district were recorded and the average costs of hospital-day and of outpatient visit were applied to quantify the total use of resources. During the first five years of follow-up 535 breast cancer patients had 8206 follow-up visits and spent 18472 days in hospital. The stage II–IV patients had more than twice as many outpatient visits and inpatient-days as the stage I patients. The number of hospital-days/patient-year was 2.4-fold for stage II patients and 4.1-fold for stage III–IV patients as compared to stage I patients. The overall use of resources/ patient for those with nonlocalized disease was twice as high as the use for stage I patients, while the use of resources/person-year was 2.3-fold for stage II patients and 3.6-fold for stage III–IV as compared to stage I patients. Our study in an unselected patient population during the first five years of follow-up shows that breast cancer patients diagnosed in the early stage (stage I) require far fewer health care resources than if diagnosed in advanced stages. The results can be directly transformed into costs of breast cancer control by stage of breast cancer.

Key words

breast neoplasms treatment follow-up use of resources cost by stage 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Holli Kaija
    • 1
  • Hakama Matti
    • 2
  • Hakala Tapani
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OncologyTampere University HospitalPikonlinnaFinland
  2. 2.Tampere School of Public HealthUniversity of TampereTampereFinland

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