Advertisement

Geologische Rundschau

, Volume 46, Issue 2, pp 494–505 | Cite as

On the Central-African metallogenetic province

  • Nicolas de Kun
Aufsätze

Abstract

The copper, tin and gold deposits of Central Africa occupy the median part of an archaïc-paleozoic mountain ring extending from the Lower Congo to the Central Highlands and to South West Africa. Most of the metalliferous zone is sandwiched between the Western Rift Valley and the Karroo transgression of the Congo Basin. This “ribbon” is 2500 miles long, width varying from 100 to 400 miles. Deposits seem to follow ancient and often reccuring trends. At least three pre-cambrian mineralizing cycles should be distinguished:
$$\begin{array}{*{20}c} {\begin{array}{*{20}c} {epoc} \\ {1.Kabalian} \\ {2.Urundian} \\ {3.Katangian} \\ \end{array} } & {\begin{array}{*{20}c} {metal} \\ {Au} \\ {Sn,Nb,W,Au} \\ {Cu,Co,U,Zn} \\ \end{array} } & {\begin{array}{*{20}c} {region} \\ {Ituri,Uele,Kivu,Tanganyika} \\ {Uganda,Ruanda,Maniema,Katanga} \\ {Katanga,Rhodesia} \\ \end{array} } \\ \end{array}$$

Keywords

Copper Gold Gold Deposit Congo Median Part 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Ackermann, E.: Ein neuer Faltengürtel in Nordrhodesien. Geol. Rdsch.38, 1, 1950.Google Scholar
  2. Aderca, B.: La mine des Kibaras. Mém. Acad Roy. Sci. Col.,III, 2, 1955.Google Scholar
  3. Agassiz, J. F.: Les pegmatites de Mumba-Numbi-Nyamukubi. Com. Nat. Kivu (C. N. Ki.), Nouv. ser. 7, 1954.Google Scholar
  4. Bateman, A. M.: The Ores of the Northern Rhodesian Copper Belt. Econ. Geol.,25, 1930.Google Scholar
  5. Blondel, F.: La géologie et les mines des vieilles plateformes. Bur. Et. Geol. Min. Col., Paris 1936.Google Scholar
  6. Bouttakoff, N.: Le coude du système des fractures du graben centralafricain. Bull. Soc. belge Géol. &,XLIII, 1, 1933.Google Scholar
  7. Brandt, R. T.: Notes on the Geology and Mineralisation in the Mumbwa District. Rec. Géol. Surv. N. Rhod. 1952 (1954).Google Scholar
  8. Brummer, J. J.: The Geology of the Roan Antelope Orebody. Bull. Inst. Min. Met.LXIV, 257, 1955.Google Scholar
  9. Cahen, L., Mortelmans, G.: Géologie du Katanga Central. Bull. Surv. Geol. Congo, 2,I, 1956.Google Scholar
  10. Cahen, L.,Lepersonne, J.: Carte géologique, Atlas général Congo. Inst. Roy. Col. Belge, publ. hors ser.,1951.Google Scholar
  11. Cahen, L.: Carte tectonique du Congo Belge. Min. Col. Bruxelles1954.Google Scholar
  12. Cloos, H.: Zur Großtektonik Hochafrikas. Geol. Rdsch.,28, 1937.Google Scholar
  13. Comm. Geol. Min. Col.: Echelle stratigraphique, Brussels 1950.Google Scholar
  14. Davidson, D. M.: The Geology and Ore Deposits of Chambishi. Econ. Geol.26, 1931.Google Scholar
  15. Davies, K. A., Bisset, C. B.: The Geology and Mineral Deposits of Uganda. Bull. Imp. Inst.XLV, 2, 1948.Google Scholar
  16. Davis, C. R.: The Origin of the Roan Antelope Copper Deposits. Econ. Geol.,49, 1954.Google Scholar
  17. Dehon, M.: Gisements de minerais aurifères de Kilo. Bull. Assoc. Ing. Hainaut, jul.–oct. 43 and Imbelco, Elisabethville 1943.Google Scholar
  18. Dehoux, V.: La petrogénèse et métallogénèse de Kilo-Moto. Ann. Soc. Géol. Belgique,33, 1950.Google Scholar
  19. de Kun, N.: Les pegmatites du Nord Lugulu. Ann. Soc. Géol. Belg.LXXVIII, 27, 1954.Google Scholar
  20. Fawley, A. P., James, T. C.: A pyrochlore carbontite, Southern Tanganyika. Econ, Geol. 1, 571, 1955.Google Scholar
  21. Fourmarier, P.: Vue d'ensemble sur la géologie du Congo Belge. Inst. Rech. Scient. Afrique Centrale, 1er, rapp. ann. (IRSAC), 1948.Google Scholar
  22. Furon, R.,Daumain, G.: Carte géol. internat. Afrique. Notice explicative. Bur. Et. Geol. Min. Col., Paris 1952.Google Scholar
  23. Garlick, W. G.: Origin of the Roan Antelope Copper Deposit. Econ. Geol. 1, 880, 1954.Google Scholar
  24. Garlick, W. G., Brummer, J. J.: The Age of the Granites of the Northern Rhodesian Copperbelt. Econ. Geol.,46, 5, 1951.Google Scholar
  25. Garson, M. S.: Investigation of Carbonatites and New Ring Structures. Rep. Geol. Surv. Nyassald., 7,1954.Google Scholar
  26. Gray, A.: The Mufulira Copper Deposit. Econ. Geol.,25, 8, 1932.Google Scholar
  27. Guernsey, T. D., Bancroft, J. A.: A Summary of the Provisional Geological Features of Northern Rhodesia. Col. Geol.1, 2, 1950.Google Scholar
  28. Hays, J.: Some Notes on the Tin Deposits of the Choma District. Rec. Geol. Surv. N. Rhod., 12, 1954.Google Scholar
  29. Horne, J. E. T., Davidson, C. F.: The Age of the Mineralisation of the Witwatersrand. Bull. Geol. Surv. G.B.,X, 58, 1955.Google Scholar
  30. Hugé, J.,Egoroff, A.: Ressources minérales du Congo. Bull. Serv. Géol. Congo.,3, 1947.Google Scholar
  31. Interterritorial Geological Conference (of 1952): Geological Map of East Africa. Geol. Surv. Dept. Tanganyika,1954.Google Scholar
  32. Jones, W. R.: Tinfields of the World, London 1952.Google Scholar
  33. Kaisin, M.: Esquisse géologique de la région de Kilo-Moto. Mém. Inst. Géol. Univ. Louvain,XVII, 1953.Google Scholar
  34. Lancsweert, P.: A propos de quelques gisements de wolfram au Congo Belge. Bull. Inst. Roy. Col. Belge,16, 2, 1943.Google Scholar
  35. Legraye, M.: Grands traits de la géologie et de la minéralogie de Kilo et de Moto. Inst. Roy. Col. Belge,II, 3, 1940.Google Scholar
  36. Pallister, J. W.: Rep. Soc. Half. Geol. Surv. Uganda, 1955.Google Scholar
  37. Pargeter, R. V.: Mining and Economic Geology. Rec. Geol. Surv. Dept. Uganda,1950.Google Scholar
  38. Paeters, L.: La stratigraphie des formations antérieures au groupe du Katanga. Fol. Sci. Afr. Centr.9, 1955.Google Scholar
  39. Phillips, K. A.: Some Notes on the Carbonatite of Nkumbwa Hill. Rec. Geol. Surv. N. Rhod. 20, 1953.Google Scholar
  40. Repartiçao Central des Serviço de Geologia e Minas: Esboço da carta geologica de Angola. Ann. Estat, 1953.Google Scholar
  41. Robert, M.: An Outline of the Geology and Ore Deposits of Katanga. Econ. Geol.,26, 1931.Google Scholar
  42. - Le Congo Physique, Liège 1949. - Historique du Katanga. Comm. Spec. Kat. Publ. Carte, Op. 23, 1954.Google Scholar
  43. Schneiderhöhn, H.: Konvergenzerscheinungen zwischen magmatischen und sedimentären Lagerstätten. Geol. Rdsch.,42, 1, 1953.Google Scholar
  44. Schoep, A.: Les minéraux des gîtes uranifères du Katanga. Ann. Musée Congo, ser. 1,1, 2.Google Scholar
  45. Sluys, M.: La géologie de l'Ituri. Bull. Serv. Géol. Congo,2, II, 1945.Google Scholar
  46. Sluys, M.: Le plateau granitique des Mts de fer. Bull. Serv. Congo,2, II, 1946.Google Scholar
  47. Sorotchinsky, M. C.: Les reches des gisements aurifères de Kilo-Moto. Mém. Inst. Géol. Univ. Louvain.,XVII, 1953.Google Scholar
  48. Stille, H.: Grundfragen der vergleichenden Tektonik. Berlin 1924.Google Scholar
  49. Teale, E. O.,Oates, F.: The Eastern Lupa Goldfleld. Bull. Geol. Surv. Dept. Tanganyika, 8, 1953.Google Scholar
  50. Teale, Sir E. O.,Oates, F.: The Mineral Resources of Tanganyika Territory. Bull. Geol. Div. Tanganyika, 16, 1946.Google Scholar
  51. Thoreau, J., Trieu de Terdonck, R. du: Le gîte d'uranium de ShinkolobweKasole. Inst. Roy. Col. Belge,II, 1, 1933.Google Scholar
  52. Thoreau, J.: La pegmatite stannifère de Manono. Cong. Scient. Elisabethville,II, 41, 1950.Google Scholar
  53. Vallée Poussin, D.De la, McConnel, R. B.: The Mpanda Mineral field. VII th Internat. Geol. Congr. London 1948.Google Scholar
  54. Varlamoff, N.: Géologie des gisements de Symétain. Inst. Roy. Col. Belge,XXII, 2, 1953.Google Scholar
  55. Veatch, A. C.: Evolution of the Congo Basin. Geol. Soc. America. Mem. 3, 1953.Google Scholar
  56. Wéry, A.: Le domaine minier des Grands Lacs. Bull. Soc. Belge de Géol. &,LVII, 1, 1948.Google Scholar
  57. Willis, B.: East African Plateaus and Rift Valleys. Carnegie Inst., Washington 1936.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Ferdinand Enke Verlag Stuttgart 1957

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicolas de Kun
    • 1
  1. 1.LulinguCongo Belge

Personalised recommendations