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Die Falsifikation Statistischer Hypothesen

  • Max Albert
Articles
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The falsification of statistical hypotheses

Summary

It is widely held that falsification of statistical hypotheses is impossible. This view is supported by an analysis of the most important theories of statistical testing: these theories are not compatible with falsificationism. On the other hand, falsificationism yields a basically viable solution to the problems of explanation, prediction and theory testing in a deterministic context. The present paper shows how to introduce the falsificationist solution into the realm of statistics. This is done mainly by applying the concept of empirical content to statistical hypotheses. It is shown that empirical content is a substitute for ‘power’ as defined by Neyman and Pearson. Since the empirical content of a hypothesis is independent of alternative hypotheses, the proposed theory of statistical testing allows for tests of isolated hypotheses.

Key words

Wissenschaftstheorie Statistik Falsifikationismus Testtheorie Hypothesentests Signifikanztests Neyman-Pearson-Theorie 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Max Albert
    • 1
  1. 1.Fakultät für Wirtschaftswissenschaften u. StatistikUniversität KonstanzKonstanzGermany

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